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Theocracy (from greek theos = god, cratos = leadership) is a type of government in which a religion or faith plays a major role, as opposed to a government with separation of church and state. In a theocracy, the higher religious leaders of the state are also the people in charge of that state.
Current states with theocratic elements
- Saudi Arabia
- The Vatican
Current states with vestigial theocratic aspects
Religious views that promote a theocratic government
Some religious views promote theocratic governments (at least when it aligns with their own religious beliefs):
- Sharia law is generally difficult to integrate with democracy, because it poses as a perfect and comprehensive legal system that insists on the supremacy of Islam. "[...] if elected democratically, radical Islamic parties invariably presume upon themselves forms of power reminiscent of tyrannical kings." A particular obstacle is its opposition to the separation of church and state, which is necessary for governments to transition effectively and fairly. 
- In Christianity, Dominionism seeks to establish a Christian government with law based on the Bible.
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