On the Origin of Species
On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, also known as The Origin of Species, is a book first published in 1859 by Charles Darwin. It sets out arguments for the evolution of species in the natural world through the process of natural selection, as opposed to their sudden introduction to the world through an act of special creation by a god. The book is often considered to be the most important in biology. 
Religious Response to the Book
The Origin of Species has been criticised by Bible literalists for its explanation that species change over time rather than being created in their modern form by God.
In 1950, the Catholic Church declared that there was no incompatibility between evolution and Catholicism. The recent popes have favoured a "guided evolution" explanation which combines ideas of creationism with evolution. 
- ↑ On the Origin of Species book, retrieved 28 Mar 2014 
- ↑ The Telegraph, "The Vatican claims Darwin's theory of evolution is compatible with Christianity", 11 Feb 2009