Everything that exists must have a cause.
Who says "Everything that exists must have a cause." instead of "Everything that begins to exist must have a cause."? Wikipedia currently has "Every finite and contingent being has a cause." --Yqbd 04:53, 9 December 2007 (CST)
- The "begins to exist" clause is a cop-out to avoid having to answer the question, "who or what created God?".
- To repurpose Paley's watchmaker argument: suppose that you're walking through the woods and see a watch lying on the ground. You might wonder how this complex device came to be there, how it was created, and so forth. If a native came up and told you that the watch had always been there, would you nod in satisfaction and move on?
- Of course not. Because the real question is "what is the explanation for this phenomenon?" It doesn't make sense to have an exception for eternal phenomena.
- --Arensb 12:24, 9 December 2007 (CST)
The universe began to exist?
In the opening line, "it does so based on the fact the universe began to exist", did it? How do we know it hasn't existed forever? Isn't a counter apologetic to that that the person is assuming the universe did begin to exist, which no-one can possibly know right now, thereby invalidating their claim? Aardvark 07:17, 17 June 2009 (CDT)
The kalam argument deals with this contention, actual infinities are attacked and big bang models are used as well as counter-attacking atheistic objections. It is an extensive topic so spotting the flaw in the argument is not as easy as it seems. Craig, however, is completely irrational but his debate techniques cover that up. _Wissam.
Swinburne's inductive cosmological argument
Swinburne distinguishes between two varieties of inductive arguments: those that show that the conclusion is more probable than not (what he terms a correct P-inductive argument) and those that further increase the probability of the conclusion (what he terms a correct C-inductive argument).
Swinburne combines design/fine-tuning with the cosmolgical argument and adds 'explanation is better than no explanation; the finite or infinite existence of the universe would be a brute fact, devoid of a scientific explanation, if only we presuppose scientific explanation'. Arensb ^^ commented in the same way with his Paley's watchmaker argument.
This is a weak argument but its complex and professional development are deceiving. Swinburne's argument should definitely be mentioned here.