In early Bible History, stoning was the God-commanded Israelite method of executing those found guilty of the most serious offenses against His Law. A crowd would gather around the offender and throw stones until he or she died. The condemned individual was restrained by some means, ranging from being thrown before the stoning from an elevation of some sort that caused incapacitating injury, to being tied to a post (or simply tied hand and foot), to being buried with just the head and shoulders left above ground, to just being surrounded by a large crowd of stone throwers in an enclosed area.
Unlike most other forms of capital punishment, stoning had no specific executioner. Leviticus 24:16 says: "Anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. Whether an alien or native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, he must be put to death."