Scientology

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The '''Church of Scientology''' is a [[cult]]/[[religion]] created by science fiction author [[L. Ron Hubbard]] in the 1950s. It is a proselytic organization, drawing in new members through free "personality tests". Scientology is secretive group: most members are not aware of the entire dogma or practices of the organization. To progress within Scientology and become initiated into the core theology, expensive fees must be paid. When revealed, the core beliefs of Scientology read like a bad science fiction novel.
 
The '''Church of Scientology''' is a [[cult]]/[[religion]] created by science fiction author [[L. Ron Hubbard]] in the 1950s. It is a proselytic organization, drawing in new members through free "personality tests". Scientology is secretive group: most members are not aware of the entire dogma or practices of the organization. To progress within Scientology and become initiated into the core theology, expensive fees must be paid. When revealed, the core beliefs of Scientology read like a bad science fiction novel.
  
The group is notorious for using intimidation, harassment and legal threats in an attempt silence its opponents, especially those who try to convince Scientologists to leave the organization, those who attempt to demonstrate the [[cult]]-like nature of the organization, and those who expose Scientology secrets that are supposed to be reserved for senior-level Scientologists. Scientologists are required to [[shun]] family members and friends who do not approve of Scientology.
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The group is notorious for using intimidation, harassment and legal threats in an attempt silence its opponents, especially those who try to convince Scientologists to leave the organization, those who attempt to demonstrate the [[cult]]-like nature of the organization, and those who expose Scientology secrets that are supposed to be reserved for senior-level Scientologists. Scientologists are required to [[Religious shunning|shun]] family members and friends who do not approve of Scientology.
  
 
{{quote-source|I’d like to start a religion. That’s where the money is.|L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949 <ref>L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949; quoted by Eshbach in OVER MY SHOULDER: REFLECTIONS ON A SCIENCE FICTION ERA, Donald M. Grant Publisher. ISBN 1-880418-11-8, 1983</ref>}}
 
{{quote-source|I’d like to start a religion. That’s where the money is.|L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949 <ref>L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949; quoted by Eshbach in OVER MY SHOULDER: REFLECTIONS ON A SCIENCE FICTION ERA, Donald M. Grant Publisher. ISBN 1-880418-11-8, 1983</ref>}}
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==Sea Org==
 
==Sea Org==
 
{{wikipedia|Sea Org}}
 
{{wikipedia|Sea Org}}
The Sea Organisation or "Sea Org" is a religious/paramilitary order of the most dedicated Scientologists and the church leadership. Members are expected to commit to the organization with a billion-year contract. Many stories of long working hours and abuse have surfaced from people who have left the organization. The organisation is accused of holding people in isolation in poor conditions as a means of punishment. <ref>[http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-02-25/church-of-scientology-denies-holding-woman-in-isolation/4539658]</ref> <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hole_%28Scientology%29]</ref>
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{{wikipedia|The Hole (Scientology)}}
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The Sea Organisation or "Sea Org" is a religious/paramilitary order of the most dedicated Scientologists and the church leadership. Many of the church functions are carried out by Sea Org members. Members are expected to commit to the organization with a billion-year contract. Sea Org members are provided with basic shared sleeping quarters and a basic income but are not allowed to have children or marry outside the organisation. Women who become pregnant are required to have an abortion (which is allegedly coerced) or leave. Contact with people outside Scientology is strictly limited, with their communications being monitored. Many stories of long working hours and abuse have surfaced from people who have left the organization. The organisation is accused of holding people in isolation in poor conditions as a means of punishment, either by force or by the fear of being [[Religious shunning|shunned]] by their social group. <ref>[http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-02-25/church-of-scientology-denies-holding-woman-in-isolation/4539658]</ref> <ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hole_%28Scientology%29]</ref>
  
 
==Significant court cases==
 
==Significant court cases==
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* [http://www.tampabay.com/news/scientology/how-scientology-got-to-bob-minton/1048113 How Scientology got to Bob Minton], -2002
 
* [http://www.tampabay.com/news/scientology/how-scientology-got-to-bob-minton/1048113 How Scientology got to Bob Minton], -2002
 
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/10384877/Scientologys-fraud-conviction-upheld-in-France.html Scientology's fraud conviction upheld in France], 2003
 
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/10384877/Scientologys-fraud-conviction-upheld-in-France.html Scientology's fraud conviction upheld in France], 2003
 +
* Headley et al. v. Church of Scientology International et al., 2009
 +
* Church of Scientology International v. Debbie Cook, 2012
 
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26311316 Scientology Supreme Court case couple get married], 2014 - a British couple are married in a Scientology chapel after a judge rules it is a place of worship.
 
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26311316 Scientology Supreme Court case couple get married], 2014 - a British couple are married in a Scientology chapel after a judge rules it is a place of worship.
 
* [http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/26/belgian-scientologists-trial-fraud-extortion Belgian Scientologists go on trial for fraud and extortion], 2015
 
* [http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/26/belgian-scientologists-trial-fraud-extortion Belgian Scientologists go on trial for fraud and extortion], 2015

Revision as of 14:45, 30 October 2015

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For more information, see the Wikipedia article:
Scientology was invented by L. Ron Hubbard
Whatstheharm.jpg
For more information, see the What's The Harm? article:

The Church of Scientology is a cult/religion created by science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in the 1950s. It is a proselytic organization, drawing in new members through free "personality tests". Scientology is secretive group: most members are not aware of the entire dogma or practices of the organization. To progress within Scientology and become initiated into the core theology, expensive fees must be paid. When revealed, the core beliefs of Scientology read like a bad science fiction novel.

The group is notorious for using intimidation, harassment and legal threats in an attempt silence its opponents, especially those who try to convince Scientologists to leave the organization, those who attempt to demonstrate the cult-like nature of the organization, and those who expose Scientology secrets that are supposed to be reserved for senior-level Scientologists. Scientologists are required to shun family members and friends who do not approve of Scientology.

"I’d like to start a religion. That’s where the money is."

— L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949 [1]

"The only way you can control anybody is to lie to them."

— L. Ron Hubbard [2]

Based on their absurd beliefs and statements of their founder and members, Scientology is nothing more than a grandiose money-making scam invented by an unscrupulous charlatan with no regard for the psychological well-being of others. The Church is extremely wealthy and draws attention from the fact that several prominent celebrities are members. The Church is avidly opposed to the fields of psychiatry and psychology.

Contents

Beliefs

Scientology is an unusual religion in that its dogma is not outwardly publicized by the group. This is similar to the mystery cults of the ancient Greek world. However, ex-members have leaked documentation that describes their core theology and practices. Scientology is extremely fond of jargon, with a whole galaxy of terminology that is used to describe its world view. [3]

Auditing, E-meter, Security Checks

A scientologist conducting the usual "free stress test" scam, with an E-meter on the table.

Scientologists often prosthelytize using a "personality test" or a "free stress test". No matter how one scores on Scientology's personality test, the tester informs the inductee that that there is something wrong with their personality that Scientology can help with. This leads to a process called "auditing", involving a device called an E-meter. The E-meter is a device with two handles that measures the electrical resistance in the human body. The E-Meter is a variation of a Wheatstone Bridge, which determines resistance of an unknown component, in this case, the skin of the subject. Due to galvanic skin response, the resistance of skin can vary significantly in conjunction with the state of mind of the subject. [4] According to Scientology doctrine, this device measures "thetans", which are distraught souls inhabiting our body.

The e-meter is primarily used as a tool for "auditing", however, it is also used as a makeshift lie detector during "Security Checks", which are semi-annual interrogations used to discover criminal and subversive behavior in people as young as 6 years. The church may use information derived from these checks to blackmail individuals who become critical of the cult. The church has methods of interrogating even uncooperative subjects. By strapping the e-meter's electrodes to the soles of the feet, or into the armpits of the subject and asking questions, the interrogator can attempt to determine answers even if the subject refuses to speak. However, attempting to detect a lie using this or any other current technology is mere pseudoscience. [5] The E-meter is more effective as a tool of intimidation and deception, rather than being an effective lie detector.

Thetans and Xenu

Scientology has various stages that members pass through, which get progressively more expensive as the Scientologist is compelled to purchase more and more materials and books related to the doctrine. After spending about $150,000, [6] the Scientologist reaches stage OT III, where the story behind the thetans is revealed.

It begins 75 million years ago with a galactic dictator named Xenu, who had a problem with overpopulation on many of the planets he ruled over. He tricked billions of aliens into being frozen and loaded onto rocket ships which were exactly like DC-8 airliners except with rocket engines. The rocket ships were sent to Earth, then called "Teegeeack", and the aliens were placed next to several specifically named volcanoes (most of which were not even in existence 75 million years ago, unbeknownst to geologists of Hubbard's time), and exploded with hydrogen bombs. The souls of the dead aliens are said to have roamed the Earth until they could find human bodies to attach to. Scientologists proclaim that thetans occupying our bodies are the source of all our mental problems, and that Scientology is the only way to get rid of the thetans. The way to remove the thetans is covered in later courses, up to OT VIII, which contains the most secret doctrines in Scientology.

"The average cost for Scientology to OT VIII is a mere USD 360,000 [7]"

Of course, there is no evidence that any of this is true apart from the say so of L. Ron Hubbard.

Fair game

Protests by the Internet collective Anonymous made public opposition to Scientology easier

Fair game is (or was) a Scientology practice that allows for any and all methods to be employed against the church's enemies. It was instituted in 1950s, supposedly cancelled in 1968 but mentioned in internal documents until at least 1980. Perhaps because of this policy, critics of the church are often objected to intimidation, harassment, character assassination and other legal or illegal measures. [8] The cancellation of "fair game" in 1968 merely only forbade the use of that term and not the practice of harassing critics. [9]

"Fair game. May be deprived of property or injured by any means by any Scientologist without any discipline of the Scientologist. May be tricked, sued or lied to or destroyed. [10]"

The church denies "fair game" was a mandate for illegal punishment. Some have claimed that other policies are more significant in explaining the churches actions, such as "The Responsibilities of Leaders". [11] Harassment of critics by the church continues to this day and is referred to as fair game by the church's critics.

"People attack Scientology, I never forget it, always even the score. People attack auditors, or staff, or organizations, or me. I never forget until the slate is clear."

— L. Ron Hubbard

"A truly Suppressive Person or group has no rights of any kind and actions taken against them are not punishable."

— L. Ron Hubbard

Sea Org

Wikipedia-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:
Wikipedia-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:

The Sea Organisation or "Sea Org" is a religious/paramilitary order of the most dedicated Scientologists and the church leadership. Many of the church functions are carried out by Sea Org members. Members are expected to commit to the organization with a billion-year contract. Sea Org members are provided with basic shared sleeping quarters and a basic income but are not allowed to have children or marry outside the organisation. Women who become pregnant are required to have an abortion (which is allegedly coerced) or leave. Contact with people outside Scientology is strictly limited, with their communications being monitored. Many stories of long working hours and abuse have surfaced from people who have left the organization. The organisation is accused of holding people in isolation in poor conditions as a means of punishment, either by force or by the fear of being shunned by their social group. [12] [13]

Significant court cases

The Church of Scientology and their associates are often getting into legal tangles and investigations: [14]

References

  1. L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949; quoted by Eshbach in OVER MY SHOULDER: REFLECTIONS ON A SCIENCE FICTION ERA, Donald M. Grant Publisher. ISBN 1-880418-11-8, 1983
  2. [1]
  3. Glossary of the Scientology Critical Information Directory
  4. [2]
  5. [3]
  6. [4]
  7. [5]
  8. [6]
  9. [7]
  10. [8]
  11. [9]
  12. [10]
  13. [11]
  14. [12]

External links

Criticism

Podcasts


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