Religion

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==Major approaches to religion==
 
==Major approaches to religion==
* [[Agnosticism]]
+
* Lack of (belief in / certainty about / support for) religion
* [[Deism]]
+
** [[Ignosticism]] — statements about God are ill-defined or meaningless
** [[Pandeism]]
+
** [[Agnosticism]] — lack of knowlegde about God
** [[Panendeism]]
+
** [[Atheism]] — lack of belief in God
** [[Polydeism]]
+
** [[Antitheism]] — belief in God is harmful
* [[Theism]]
+
* Forms of deism
** [[Antitheism]]
+
** [[Deism]] — God created the universe but is not presently active in it
** [[Atheism]]
+
** [[Pandeism]] — the universe is God
** [[Dystheism]]
+
** [[Panendeism]] — the universe is part of God
** [[Henotheism]]
+
** [[Polydeism]] — multiple gods created the universe and are not presently active in it
** [[Kathenotheism]]
+
* Forms of theism
** [[Monolatrism]]
+
** [[Theism]] — belief in one or more gods
** [[Monotheism]]
+
** [[Dystheism]] —
** [[Natural theology]]
+
** [[Henotheism]] —
** [[Nontheism]]
+
** [[Kathenotheism]] —
** [[Omnitheism]]
+
** [[Monolatrism]] —
** [[Pantheism]]
+
** [[Monotheism]] —
** [[Panentheism]]
+
** [[Natural theology]] —
** [[Polytheism]]
+
** [[Nontheism]] —
** [[Theology]]
+
** [[Omnitheism]] —
** [[Transtheism]]
+
** [[Pantheism]] —
* [[Spiritualism]]
+
** [[Panentheism]] —
** [[Mysticism]]
+
** [[Polytheism]] —
** [[New Age]]
+
** [[Theology]] —
** [[Transcendentalism]]
+
** [[Transtheism]] —
 +
* [[Spiritualism]] —
 +
** [[Mysticism]] —
 +
** [[New Age]] —
 +
** [[Transcendentalism]] —
  
 
===Other belief systems===
 
===Other belief systems===
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* [[Gnosticism]]
 
* [[Gnosticism]]
 
* [[Humanism]]
 
* [[Humanism]]
* [[Ignosticism]]
 
 
* [[Monism]]
 
* [[Monism]]
 
* [[Nondualism]]
 
* [[Nondualism]]

Revision as of 11:59, 27 March 2007

Wikipedia-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:

A religion is a system of beliefs that asserts the existence of at least one of:

  1. a human soul or spirit,
  2. a deity or "higher being", or
  3. the continuation of the self after the death of one's body.

As an uncountable noun, religion is a "way of living" or the set of customs or rituals that follows from such beliefs.

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wiktionary article:


It is notoriously difficult to define what does and does not constitute a religion, due to the sheer variety of human religious beliefs and practices. Taoism and Confucianism, for instance, are sometimes described as philosophies rather than religions.

Contents

Classification

Many religions are subdivided into sects or denominations, resulting in a huge number of labels for the religious to choose from. The major world religions are typically, however, divided into three large groups:

  1. Abrahamic religions
  2. Dharmic religions
  3. Taoic religions

Largest world religions

According to 2005 data collected by Adherents.com, the religious traditions with the most "adherents" around the world (including traditions outside of the three major divisions listed above) are:

  1. Christianity (2.1 billion)
  2. Islam (1.3 billion)
  3. Non-religious, including secularism, atheism, agnosticism and nontheism (1.1 billion)
  4. Hinduism (900 million)
  5. Chinese folk religion (394 million)
  6. Buddhism (376 million)
  7. Primal indigenous or "pagan" (300 million)
  8. African traditional and diasporic (100 million)
  9. Sikhism (23 million)
  10. Juche (19 million)
  11. Spiritism (15 million)
  12. Judaism (14 million)
  13. Bahá'í Faith (7 million)
  14. Jehovah's Witnesses (6.5 million)
  15. Jainism (4.2 million)
  16. Shinto {4 million)
  17. Cao Dai (4 million)
  18. Zoroastrianism (2.6 million)
  19. Tenrikyo (2 million)
  20. Neo-Paganism (1 million)
  21. Unitarian Universalism (800,000)
  22. Rastafari movement (600,000)

Major approaches to religion

Other belief systems

(This list is being merged into the one above. Stand By...)

External links

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