Relativism

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Because of the similar sounding name, [[Einstein]]'s (completely ''unrelated'') [[theory of relativity]] can sometimes be confused with these more-controversial philosophical positions.
 
Because of the similar sounding name, [[Einstein]]'s (completely ''unrelated'') [[theory of relativity]] can sometimes be confused with these more-controversial philosophical positions.
  
[[Category:Philosophical issues]]
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[[Category:Philosophy]]

Latest revision as of 08:12, 25 November 2010

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Relativism refers to any of several similar philosophical concepts:

Moral relativism 
holds that "moral or ethical propositions do not reflect objective and/or universal moral truths, but instead make claims relative to social, cultural, historical or personal circumstances."[1] It is in opposition to moral absolutism.
Cultural relativism 
is the methodological principle in anthropology that "an [individual's] beliefs and activities should be interpreted in terms of his or her own culture."[2]
Cognitive relativism (or epistemological relativism
"claims the truth or falsity of a statement is relative to a social group or individual."[3]
Aesthetic relativism 
is an aesthetic philosophy that "the judgement of beauty is relative to individuals, cultures, time periods and contexts, and that there are no universal criteria of beauty."[4] (Somewhat less controversial than the other three.)

Because of the similar sounding name, Einstein's (completely unrelated) theory of relativity can sometimes be confused with these more-controversial philosophical positions.

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