Physico-theological argument

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The Physico-theological argument is a category of arguments for the existence of God that use factual evidence or observations as a basis. [1] The terminology was used by William Derham and Immanuel Kant. The physico-theological argument includes:

Immanuel Kant criticised all the physico-theological arguments, saying they were doomed to fail:

"The transcendental idea of a necessary and all-sufficient being is so immeasurably great, so high above all that is empirical, which is always conditioned, that we hope in vain to find materials in the sphere of experience sufficiently ample for our conception, and in vain seek the unconditioned among things that are conditioned, while examples, nay, even guidance is denied us by the laws of empirical synthesis. [...] This proof can at most, therefore, demonstrate the existence of an architect of the world, whose efforts are limited by the capabilities of the material with which he works, but not of a creator of the world [2]"


  1. Oxford Index, Physico-theological argument, retrieved 20 Apr 2014 [1]
  2. Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason [2]

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