Old Testament

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The '''Old Testament''' is that portion of [[The Bible]] that was written before the introduction of [[Jesus Christ]]. It is the basis for the [[Jewish]] religion.
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{{wikipedia}}
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{{Books of the Bible}}
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The '''Old Testament''' is that portion of [[The Bible]] that was written before the introduction of [[Jesus Christ]], possibly between 950 to 500 BC. In [[Judaism]], it is referred to as the '''Tanakh'''. The final form was settled around the middle of the 1st millennium BCE. It is the basis for the [[Jewish]] religion and adopted as part of the Christian [[Bible]]. The contents of the Old Testament are [[Selective use of Old Testament law|selectively followed]] by Christians and Jews. God seeming orders [[God commanded atrocities in the Old Testament|several atrocities]] to be committed.
  
 
==Authorship==
 
==Authorship==
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'''Pentateuch'''
  
Religious tradition says that [[Moses]] wrote the first five books of the Bible, or [[Pentateuch]] in Jewish tradition.  There are a number of difficulties with this claim. For instance:
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Most scholars in the 20th century subscribe to the "[[Documentary Hypothesis]]," which asserts that the [[Pentateuch]] was written by a group of four authors, from various locations in [[Palestine]], over a period of centuries. <ref>Evid3nc3, [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZY2eeozdo8 Atheism - A History of God (The Polytheistic Origins of Christianity and Judaism)]</ref> Late in the 20th century, many other competing theories emerged as to the authorship of the Pentateuch.
  
# The Torah describes many events and places which did not exist until after Moses died.  It also describes Moses's death.
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In contrast to academics, religious tradition says that [[Moses]] wrote the first five books of the Bible, or [[Pentateuch]] in Jewish tradition.
# [[Numbers]] 12:3 says, "Now the man Moses was very humble, more than all men who were on the face of the earth."  If Moses were that humble, it is unlikely that he would have described himself in these glowing terms.
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Modern scholars generally subscribe to the "[[Documentary Hypothesis]]," which asserts that the Pentateuch was written by a group of four authors, from various locations in [[Palestine]], over a period of centuries. 8 Each wrote with the goal of promoting his/her own religious views:
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==Old Testament morality==
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{{main article|Selective use of Old Testament law}}
  
* J: a writer who used [[JHWH]] as the "unpronounceable name of God." It is often translated as Jehovah.
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The Old Testament contains many cultural aspects that modern [[Christian]]s find embarrassing or uncomfortable. For example, there is support for [[slavery]], and laws such as the one about [[stoning unruly children]]. Often, when confronted by these verses, Christians will [[Selective use of Old Testament law|selectively obey the Old Testament]] while claiming the law no longer applies because it was overridden by the sacrifice of Jesus.
* E: a writer who used Elohim as the divine name.
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* D: the author of the book of [[Deuteronomy]].
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* P: a writer who added material of major interest to the priesthood.
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Finally, a fifth individual was involved:
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There are at least three problems with this excuse:
* R: a redactor who shaped the contributions of J, E, P and D together into the present Pentateuch.
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# Jesus said, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil<!--[sic]-->. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." ({{Bible|Matthew 5:17-18}})
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# If you don't think that the Old Testament law still applies, then you don't believe in the [[Ten Commandments]] &mdash; those are strictly Old Testament.
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# Regardless of whether or not [[God]] still wants you to follow the law of stoning unruly teenagers to death, the fact that he ever made such a law in the first place makes him morally bankrupt.  Many would go so far as to say that this is ''never'' a good law in ''any'' time, and the fact the it was handed down directly by a supreme being who ought to know better raises serious doubts about that being's understanding of [[morality]].
  
==Old Testament Morality==
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==References==
  
The Old Testament contains many cultural aspects that modern Christians find embarrassing or uncomfortable.  For example, there is support for [[slavery]], and laws such as the one about [[stoning unruly children]].  Often, when confronted by these verses, Christians will claim that old testament law no longer applies because it was overridden by the sacrifice of Jesus.
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<references/>
 
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# Friedman, Richard: ''Who Wrote the Bible?'' ISBN 0-06-063035-3
Three problems with this excuse:
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# Jesus also said, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." (Matthew 5:17-18)
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# If you don't think that the old testament law still applies, then you don't believe in the [[ten commandments]].  That is strictly old testament.
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# Regardless of whether or not [[God]] still wants you to follow the law of stoning unruly teenagers to death, the fact that he ever made such a law in the first place makes him morally bankrupt.  I would go so far as to say that this is ''never'' a good law in ''any'' time, and the fact the it was handed down directly by a supreme being who ought to know better raises serious doubts about that being's understanding of [[morality]].
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==External Links==
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# [http://www.religioustolerance.org/chr_tora.htm Who Wrote the Pentateuch, the Five Books of Moses?]
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==References==
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# [http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0060630353/103-7684424-1904663?v=glance&n=283155 Friedman, Richard: ''Who Wrote the Bible?'']]
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{{Religion}}
  
[[Category: The Bible]]
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[[Category:Bible]]

Latest revision as of 04:20, 2 January 2016

Wikipedia-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:

Books of the Bible

The Old Testament is that portion of The Bible that was written before the introduction of Jesus Christ, possibly between 950 to 500 BC. In Judaism, it is referred to as the Tanakh. The final form was settled around the middle of the 1st millennium BCE. It is the basis for the Jewish religion and adopted as part of the Christian Bible. The contents of the Old Testament are selectively followed by Christians and Jews. God seeming orders several atrocities to be committed.

Authorship

Pentateuch

Most scholars in the 20th century subscribe to the "Documentary Hypothesis," which asserts that the Pentateuch was written by a group of four authors, from various locations in Palestine, over a period of centuries. [1] Late in the 20th century, many other competing theories emerged as to the authorship of the Pentateuch.

In contrast to academics, religious tradition says that Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible, or Pentateuch in Jewish tradition.

Old Testament morality

Main Article: Selective use of Old Testament law

The Old Testament contains many cultural aspects that modern Christians find embarrassing or uncomfortable. For example, there is support for slavery, and laws such as the one about stoning unruly children. Often, when confronted by these verses, Christians will selectively obey the Old Testament while claiming the law no longer applies because it was overridden by the sacrifice of Jesus.

There are at least three problems with this excuse:

  1. Jesus said, "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." (Matthew 5:17-18 Bible-icon.png)
  2. If you don't think that the Old Testament law still applies, then you don't believe in the Ten Commandments — those are strictly Old Testament.
  3. Regardless of whether or not God still wants you to follow the law of stoning unruly teenagers to death, the fact that he ever made such a law in the first place makes him morally bankrupt. Many would go so far as to say that this is never a good law in any time, and the fact the it was handed down directly by a supreme being who ought to know better raises serious doubts about that being's understanding of morality.

References

  1. Evid3nc3, Atheism - A History of God (The Polytheistic Origins of Christianity and Judaism)
  1. Friedman, Richard: Who Wrote the Bible? ISBN 0-06-063035-3


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