Kalam cosmological problem of evil

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===Kalam Cosmological Problem of Evil===
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[[Kalam Cosmological Problem of Evil]] is a counter-argument of the [[Kalam]] argument for the existence of God. The argument is source of evil is either God or some source that God was unable or unwilling to counter. This implies God is either malevolent, or non-omnipotent.
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==The argument==
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If evil began to exist:
 
# Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
 
# Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
 
# The Evil began to exist.
 
# The Evil began to exist.
 
# Therefore, Evil must have a cause.
 
# Therefore, Evil must have a cause.
  
We know that evil is an abstraction, and for it to exist it must be cognized. Either God is the cause of this cognition (two faced pan-moral god -Hinduism) or God is not the cause of this cognition (two opposing forces of good and evil -Zoroastrianism)
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If evil did not begin to exist:
In Christianity, God knows all things. By virtue of this fact God is the creator of evil and the source of immorality.
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If premise 2 is wrong, then Evil must have existed from the beginning
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# Everything that did not begin to exist has no cause
 
# Everything that did not begin to exist has no cause
# The Evil did not began to exist.
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# The Evil did not begin to exist.
 
# Therefore, Evil does not have a cause.
 
# Therefore, Evil does not have a cause.
  
Therefore if God exists either:  
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Therefore if God exists, either:  
#He is the source of evil and therefore not omnibenevolent,  
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# Evil has a cause, God is the ultimate cause of evil: he is therefore not omni-benevolent, or
# He has an equally powerful rival power
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# Evil has a cause, it was created by rival non-temporal mind (perhaps a rival deity) that God could not or would not overcome: implying either malevolence or non-omnipotence, or
# He is not omnipotent.
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# Evil did not have a cause, God desired to destroy evil but could not: he is therefore not omnipotent, or
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# Evil did not have a cause, God did not desired to destroy evil: he is therefore not omni-benevolent.
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It is impossible to escape the fact that God's decision to create the universe increased the amount of evil in existence. Theists may fall back to the possibility that God did not know his creation would result in evil, however this would mean he was not omniscient. In any case, the traditional "omnimax" god of Christianity has been refuted successfully.
  
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==See also==
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* [[Problem of evil]]
  
Whatever amount of evil exists in the universe now, it is greater than the pre-creation amount of 0.00%.  It is impossible to escape the fact that God's decision to create the universe increased the amount of evil in existence.  Theists may fall back to the possibility that God did not know evil would be produced as a result of his creation, however this would mean he was not omniscient.  In any case, the traditional "omnimax" god of Christianity has been disproven successfully.
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[[Category:Apologetics]]
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[[Category:Cosmological arguments]]

Latest revision as of 17:51, 2 March 2015

Kalam Cosmological Problem of Evil is a counter-argument of the Kalam argument for the existence of God. The argument is source of evil is either God or some source that God was unable or unwilling to counter. This implies God is either malevolent, or non-omnipotent.

The argument

If evil began to exist:

  1. Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
  2. The Evil began to exist.
  3. Therefore, Evil must have a cause.

If evil did not begin to exist:

  1. Everything that did not begin to exist has no cause
  2. The Evil did not begin to exist.
  3. Therefore, Evil does not have a cause.

Therefore if God exists, either:

  1. Evil has a cause, God is the ultimate cause of evil: he is therefore not omni-benevolent, or
  2. Evil has a cause, it was created by rival non-temporal mind (perhaps a rival deity) that God could not or would not overcome: implying either malevolence or non-omnipotence, or
  3. Evil did not have a cause, God desired to destroy evil but could not: he is therefore not omnipotent, or
  4. Evil did not have a cause, God did not desired to destroy evil: he is therefore not omni-benevolent.

It is impossible to escape the fact that God's decision to create the universe increased the amount of evil in existence. Theists may fall back to the possibility that God did not know his creation would result in evil, however this would mean he was not omniscient. In any case, the traditional "omnimax" god of Christianity has been refuted successfully.

See also

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