Kalam cosmological problem of evil
Kalam Cosmological Problem of Evil
- Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
- The Evil began to exist.
- Therefore, Evil must have a cause.
We know that evil is an abstraction, and for it to exist it must be cognized. Either God is the cause of this cognition (part of his nature is not good) or God is not the cause of this cognition (two opposing forces of good and evil exist -Zoroastrianism) In Christianity, God knows all things. By virtue of this fact God is the creator of evil and the source of immorality.
If premise 2 is wrong, then Evil must have existed from the beginning
- Everything that did not begin to exist has no cause
- The Evil did not begin to exist.
- Therefore, Evil does not have a cause.
Therefore if God exists either:
- He is the source of evil and therefore not omnibenevolent,
- He has an equally powerful rival power
- He is not omnipotent.
Given that God is supposedly flawless in every way, whatever amount of evil exists in the universe now, it is greater than the pre-creation amount of 0.00%. It is impossible to escape the fact that God's decision to create the universe increased the amount of evil in existence. Theists may fall back to the possibility that God did not know evil would be produced as a result of his creation, however this would mean he was not omniscient. In any case, the traditional "omnimax" god of Christianity has been disproven successfully.