Yahweh

From Iron Chariots Wiki
(Redirected from Jehovah)
Jump to: navigation, search
Yahweh, as depicted by Michelangelo.

Yahweh, also known as Jehovah and YHWH (or JHWH), is the notional god of the Bible — "notional" because the text fails to present a consistent or coherent picture of the nature, characteristics, abilities or utterances of this deity such as would encourage one to acknowledge that a single real entity is being described. This situation no doubt results from the fact that the Bible is a post-hoc assemblage of texts from a number of different eras and mythic traditions, in some of which the male creator-god is omniscient, invisible, non-physical and all-powerful, while in others he is fallible, visible, requires food, can be heard walking, has limited power, and so on.

The Tetragrammaton

The Tetragrammaton is four Hebrew letters representing the name of the god of Israel in the Hebrew Bible, namely יהוה (YHWH). The written Hebrew language does not make clear the correct use of vowel points in the name, and, as such, the correct historical pronunciation it not known.

According to Jewish tradition, the name is sacred and not to be said aloud in casual speech, reading, or even in prayer. The name is instead substituted with one of several titles. Modern-day Jews practice this by writing G-d instead of God, so that the full name is not communicated.

Different vowel points are added to the Tetragrammaton to indicate the title being substituted in, and its pronunciation. For example, the Masoretic Hebrew text has the name written as יְהֹוָה (YHWH with the vowels from "Adonai" added) and as יֱהֹוִה (with the vowels from "Elohim" added) to indicate the reader should substitute the name with "Adonai" or "Elohim", respectively.

Note that the vowels from appropriate titles are added to allow for vocalization of the title in reference to God. They are not the "correct" pronunciation of the name itself because the pronunciation of vowels is unknown in all words.


References in popular culture


v · d Religion
v · d Buddhism
Buddhist beliefs   Reincarnation · Buddha · Noble Eightfold Path · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Three Jewels · Four Noble Truths · Five Aggregates · Karma
Holy texts   Buddhavacana · Pali Canon · Mahāsāṃghika · Chinese Buddhist canon
Buddhist denominations   Mahāyāna · Vajrayāna · Tibetian Buddhism · Theravada · Hinayana · Other denominations
History of Buddhism   First Buddhist council· Second Buddhist council · Modern Buddhism
Buddhist politics   Tibet
v · d Christianity
Christian beliefs   God · Jesus Christ · Moses · Resurrection · Atonement · Creationism · Sin · Afterlife · Eschatology · Other beliefs
Tenets and dogma   Ten Commandments · Dogma · Rituals · Homosexuality
Holy texts   Bible · Old Testament · New Testament · Gospels · Apocrypha · Ninety-Five Theses · Modern biblical translations
Christian denominations   Catholicism · Anglicanism · Lutheranism · Baptist · Evangelism · Pentecostal · Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Other denominations
History of Christianity   Overview of early Christianity · Overview of middle Christianity · Overview of modern Christianity
Christianity and politics   Dominionism · America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Separation of church and state · Christianity invented secularism · Blue laws · Notable Christian political parties
Christianity and science   Creation science · Intelligent design · Quantum mysticism · Christianity invented science
Christianity and medicine   Christian Science · Jehovah's Witnesses · Abortion · Contraception · Notable cases of medical negligence due to Christian beliefs
Christianity and Education   Teach the controversy · Abstinence-only sex education · Prayer in school · Religious universities · Theological studies · Comparative religion studies
v · d Folk religions
African folk religions   Candomblé · African traditional religion · Santeria · Egyptian mythology
Asian folk religions   Arabian mythology · Armenian mythology · Chinese mythology · Japanese mythology · Korean mythology · Persian mythology
Polynesian folk religions   Hawaiian mythology · Australian Aboriginal mythology · Māori mythology · Rapa Nui mythology
South American folk religions   Inca mythology · Guarani mythology · Mapuche religion · Chilota mythology
North American folk religions   Aztec mythology · Inuit mythology · Maya mythology
European folk religions   Slavic mythology · Folklore of Romania · Greek mythology · Norse mythology · Roman mythology · Celtic mythology
v · d Hinduism
Hindu beliefs   Brahman · Shiva · Reincarnation · Vishnu · Yoga · Brahma · Atman
Tenants and dogma   Japa · Puja · Bhajan · Yajna · Homa · Tapas · Dhyana · Saṃskāra
Holy texts   Vedas · Rigveda · Yajurveda · Upanishads
Hindu denominations   Vaishnavism · Shaivism · Shaktism · Smartism · Shrautism
History of Hinduism   Prevedic religions· Brahmanism · Modern Hinduism
Hindu politics   List of Hindu political parties
v · d Islam
Islamic beliefs   Allah · Muhammad · Other prophets · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   jihād · Fatwā · Martyrdom
Holy texts   Qur'an · Sunnah
Islamic denominations   Sunni · Shia
History of Islam   Islamic golden age · Modern Islam
Islamic politics   Islamic Theocracies · Sharia law
v · d Judaism
Jewish beliefs   Yahweh · Abraham · Moses · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Shabbat · Circumcision · Kosher food laws · Bar Mitzphah
Holy texts   Torah · Tankah · Pentateuch
Holidays   Rosh Hashanah · Sukkot · Yom Kippur · Purim · Passover
Jewish denominations   Haredi Judaism · Modern Orthodoxy · Conservative Judaism · Reform Judaism · Humanistic Judaism
History of Judaism   Israelites · Modern Judaism
Jewish politics   Sanhedrin · Mosaic Law
v · d New religious movements
Christian NRMs   Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Christian Science · Pentecostalism
Eastern NRMs   Caodaism · Chondogyo · Chen Tao · Jeung San Do
Modern NRMs   Scientology · Heaven's Gate · Raëlism
Islamic NRMs   Ahmadiyya · Babism
African NRMs   Rastafarianism · Hoodoo · Vodun · Candomblé · Santeria
Pagan NRMs   Ásatrú · Wicca
Esostoric NRMs   Theosophy · New Age
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
wiki navigation
IronChariots.Org
Toolbox