Iron Chariots Wiki:Requested pages/List of nontheists (politics and law)
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Revision as of 22:49, 20 September 2008
Politics and law
- Guy Aldred (1886–1963): English anarchist communist and a prominent member of the Anti-Parliamentary Communist Federation.
- Subhashini Ali (19??–): Indian Marxist politician and President of the All India Democratic Women's Association.
- Graham Allen (1953–): British Labour politician and Member Member of Parliament for Nottingham North, and a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association and an honorary associate of the National Secular Society.
- Salvador Allende (1908–1973): Chilean Marxist politician, President of Chile from November 1970 until his death during the coup d'état of September 11, 1973.
- Luisa Isabel Alvarez de Toledo, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia (1936–2008): Spanish duchess, holder of the ducal title Medina-Sidonia, known as the "Red Duchess".
- William Crawford Anderson (1877–1919): British socialist politician, a founder member of the Union of Democratic Control.
- Julio Anguita (1941–): Spanish politician and a former teacher, Mayor of Córdoba 1979–1988, then General Secretary of the Communist Party of Spain 1988–1998.
- Carmen Argibay (1939–): Argentinian lawyer, a member of the Argentine Supreme Court of Justice, the first woman to be nominated for the Court by a democratic government in Argentina.
- Clement Attlee 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC (1883–1967): Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951, under whose government the National Health Service and Welfare State were established.
- Bob Avakian (19??–): Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, and author of Away With All Gods! (2008).
- Edward Aveling (1849–1898): English Marxist activist and partner of Karl Marx's daughter Eleanor.
- Uri Avnery (1923–): German-born Israeli journalist, left-wing peace activist, and former Knesset member.
- Michelle Bachelet (1951–): Chilean politician, the current President of Chile and the first woman to hold this position in the country's history.
- Charles T. Beaird (1922—2006): Liberal Republican Party (United States) member and newspaper publisher.
- Leo Blair (1923–): Barrister and father of Tony Blair, the former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- Bessie Braddock JP (1899–1970): British Labour politician, vice-chairman of the party in 1968.
- Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891): Political activist and one of the most famous English atheists of the 19th century.
- Edvard Brandes (18471931): Danish politician, critic and author, Minister of Finance 19091910 and 1913–1920.
- Lori Lipman Brown (19??3–): American politician, lobbyist, lawyer, educator, and social worker supporter, Nevada Senator 1992-1994.
- James Callaghan KG, PC (1912–2005): British politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and the only person to have served in all four of the Great Offices of State.
- Alastair Campbell (1957–): Director of Communications and Strategy for the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2003.
- Douglas Campbell (1959–): Atheist advocate and member of the Green Party of Michigan. Member, national advisory board, Godless Americans Political Action Committee. Co-founder, Michigan Godless Americans Political Action Committee. Green Party candidate for Governor of Michigan, 2002 & 2006.
- Michael Cashman (1950–): British actor turned Labour politician, a Member of the European Parliament since 1999.
- Colin Challen (1953–): British Labour politician.
- Nick Clegg (1967–): Leader of the Liberal Democrats since 2007.
- Dimitris Christofias (1946–): Greek Cypriot politician, President of Cyprus 2008-Present.
- Georges Clemenceau (1841–1929): French statesman, physician and journalist, prime minister of France 1906-1909 and 1917-1920. Led France during World War I and was one of the major voices behind the Treaty of Versailles.
- Robin Cook (1946–2005): Secretary of State for Foreign & Commonwealth Affairs of the UK (1997–2001), whose funeral service was held in the High Kirk of Scotland, where he was described as a "Presbyterian atheist."
- James Connolly (1868–1916): Irish socialist leader.
- Vaso Čubrilović (1897–1990): Bosnian student, a conspirator in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
- Clarence Darrow (1857–1938): American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, best known for defending John T. Scopes in the so-called Monkey Trial (1925).
- Meghnad Desai, Baron Desai (1940–): British economist, writer and Labour politician.
- Frank Dobson (1940–): British Labour politician and member of Parliament for Holborn and St. Pancras.
- Jack Dormand (1919–2003): British educationist and Labour politician.
- Norman Douglas (1910–1985): New Zealand Labour Party politician.
- Alex Erwin (1948–): South African politician, the country's Minister of Public Enterprises since 2004.
- Giuliano Ferrara (1952–): Italian politician, journalist, and occasional talk show host.
- Herbert Fisher OM (1865–1940): English historian, educator, and Liberal politician.
- Donald Findlay QC (1951–): Senior Scottish advocate and Queen's Counsel.
- Shreela Flather, Baroness Flather (1934–): British Conservative peer in the House of Lords, the first Asian woman to receive a peerage.
- Michael Foot (1913–): British politician and writer, leader of the Labour Party 1980–1983.
- Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807–1882): Leader of the Italian Risorgimento, unifier of Italy, "Hero of the Two Worlds".
- Sir George Taubman Goldie (1846–1925): Manx administrator who, as founder of the Royal Niger Company, played a major role in the founding of Nigeria.
- Władysław Gomułka (1905–1982): Polish Communist leader.
- Mikhail Gorbachev (1931–): Former Soviet president and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.
- Dick Gross (1954–): Australia politician, President of the Municipal Association of Victoria and former three-time Mayor of the City of Port Phillip, Australia.
- Vincent Hallinan (1896–1992): American lawyer who ran for President of the United States in 1952, the third highest polling candidate in the election.
- Roy Hattersley PC (1932–): British Labour Party politician, author and journalist, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party 1983–1992.
- George Hawi (1938–2005): Lebanese politician and former secretary general of the Lebanese Communist Party.
- Bill Hayden (1933–): Governor-General of Australia (1989–1996)..
- Theodor Herzl (1860–1904): Austro-Hungarian Jewish journalist and founder of modern political Zionism.
- Douglas Houghton PC CH (1898–1996): British Labour politician..
- Enver Hoxha (1908–1985): Communist ruler who declared Albania the first atheist state, and who has been identified as an "arch-atheist."
- Robert Hughes, Baron Hughes of Woodside (1932–): British Labour politician.
- Ion Iliescu (1930–): Romanian politician, three times President of Romania.
- Nilde Iotti (1920–1999): Italian politician, the first woman to became president of the Italian Chamber of Deputies for three consecutive legislatures 1979–1992.
- Dale Jackaman (1956–): Canadian politician.
- Tommy Jackson (1879–1955): English founder of the Socialist Party of Great Britain and later the Communist Party of Great Britain.
- Zoran Janković (1953–): Slovenian businessman and current mayor of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.
- Jiang Zemin (1926–1955): Chinese communist politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China 1989–2002 and President of China 1993–2003.
- Joel Joffe, Baron Joffe CBE (1932–): South Africa-born British Labour peer in the House of Lords.
- Sir Reginald Johnston (1874–1938): Scottish diplomat and tutor of Puyi, the last emperor of China, later appointed as commissioner of British-held Weihaiwei.
- Kanimozhi (1968–): Indian politician and poet, and daughter of the Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi.
- M. Karunanidhi (1924–): Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
- Jim Kemmy (1936–1997): Irish socialist politician.
- Nikita Khrushchev (1894–1971): Soviet General Secretary, 1953-1964.
- Kim Jong-il (1941–): Korean politician, leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and officially referred to as the "Dear Leader".
- Oona King (1967–): Former Labour MP for Bethnal Green and Bow (1997-2005).
- Neil Kinnock PC (1942–): British Labour politician, Leader of the Opposition and Labour Party leader 1983–1992.
- Aleksander Kwaśniewski (1954–): Former President of Poland (1995-2005).
- Ismael Leandry Vega (1979–): Puertorrican lawyer and author of La Maldad y la Imbecilidad de tu Dios y de tu Religión (ISBN: 978-0-6152-4471-6).
- Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870—1924): Marxist revolutionary, Bolshevik Leader and President of the All Russian Congress of Peoples' Soviets. Lenin considered atheist propaganda to be essential to promoting communism.
- Ken Livingstone (1945–): Mayor of London 2000-08.
- Alexander Lukashenko (1954–): President of Belarus, self-described "Russian Orthodox atheist."
- Heather Mac Donald (c.1956–): American writer and lawyer, member of the Manhattan Institute and author of The Burden of Bad Ideas: How Modern Intellectuals Misshape Our Society.
- Gus Macdonald, Baron Macdonald of Tradeston CBE, PC (1940–56): distinguished British Labour politician.
- Karl Marx (1818–83): a 19th-century philosopher, political economist, sociologist, political theorist, often called the father of communism.
- John Maxton, Baron Maxton (1936–): Scottish politician, MP and now member of the House of Lords.
- David Miliband (1965–): British Labour politician, Foreign Secretary since 2007.
- Montague Miller (1839–1920): Australian unionist, secularist and revolutionary socialist.
- Violet Milner (1872–1958): English Edwardian society Lady and editor of the political monthly, National Review.
- Slobodan Milošević (1941–2006): Serbian politician, former President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia.
- John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn OM, PC (1838–1923): British Liberal statesman, writer and newspaper editor.
- Mo Mowlam (1949–2005): Former Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
- Elaine Murphy, Baroness Murphy (1949–2005): British politician and a member of the House of Lords, and a doctor and academic, formerly Professor of Psychiatry of Old Age at Guy's Hospital.
- Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964): First prime minister of India (1947–1964). 
- Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940–): Kazakh polititian, President of Kazakhstan since 1991.
- Barack Obama, Sr. (1936–1982): A senior economist for the Kenyan government, ex-Muslim, and father of United States presidential candidate Barack Obama.
- Culbert Olson (1876–1962): American politician and Governor of California (1939–1943).
- Nick Palmer (1950–): British politician and Labour Member of Parliament, a Parliamentary Private Secretary and a member of the Justice Committee.
- Periyar E. V. Ramasamy , known as Periyar (1879–1973): Indian social reformer and politician, the 'Socrates of South East Asia', who founded the Self-Respect Movement and Dravidar Kazhagam. 
- Marion Phillips (1881–1932): Australia-born Labour Party politician and British Member of Parliament.
- Phil Piratin (1907–1995): British member of the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) and one of their few Members of Parliament.
- Santiago Casares Quiroga (1884–1950): Spanish politician, Prime Minister of Spain from May 13 to July 19, 1936.
- Ivica Racan (1944–2007): former Croatian leftist politician who led the Social Democratic Party of Croatia between 1989 up to 2007. He was also the last leader and democratic transformer of the League of Communists of Croatia. 
- Sir Dove-Myer Robinson (1901–1989): New Zealand politician, Mayor of Auckland from 1959–1965 and 1968–1980.
- Gilbert Romme (1750–1795): French politician and mathematician who developed the French Republican Calendar.
- Proinsias De Rossa (1940–): Irish politician, former President of the Workers Party, leader of Democratic Left, and later a senior member of the Labour Party.
- Manabendra Nath Roy (1887–1954): born Narendra Nath Bhattacharya, popularly known as M. N. Roy, was a Bengali Indian revolutionary, internationally known political theorist and activist, founder of the Communist parties in Mexico and India. He later denounced communism, as exponent of the philosophy of radical humanism.
- Phil Sawford (1950–): British politician and former Member of Parliament for Kettering.
- Brian Sedgemore (1937–): former left-wing British Labour Party politician.
- Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington (1877–1946): Irish suffragist and nationalist.
- Owen Sheehy-Skeffington (1909–1970): Irish university lecturer and Senator.
- Clare Short (1946–): British politician, former Labour Secretary of State for International Development, now an Independent MP.
- Bhagat Singh (1907–1931): Indian freedom fighter. Wrote a pamphlet entitled Why I am an atheist.
- Dennis Skinner (1932–): British politician, who has been the Labour Member of Parliament for Bolsover since 1970.
- Joe Slovo (1926–1995): South African Communist politician, leader of the South African Communist Party and leading member of the African National Congress.
- Hedi Stadlen (1916–2004): Austrian Jewish political activist, philosopher and musicologist.
- Joseph Stalin: General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953..
- Pete Stark (1931–): U.S. Representative (D-CA), the first openly atheist member of Congress.
- Harkishan Singh Surjeet (1916–2008): Indian politician, General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) from 1992 to 2005 and a member of the party's Polit Bureau from 1964 to 2008.
- Veton Surroi (1961–): Kosovo Albanian publicist and politician.
- Eddie Tabash is an American lawyer and atheist activist and debater.
- Peter Tatchell, human rights activist
- William Thompson (1775–1833): Irish socialist and economist.
- Xuan Thuy (1912–1985): North Vietnamese political figure, foreign minister for North Vietnam 1963–65, official leader of the delegation to the secret talks with Henry Kissinger, and the main negotiator at the earliest meetings with Kissinger.
- Palmiro Togliatti (1893–1964): Italian politician, the leader of Italian Communist Party from 1927 to his death in 1964.
- William Trenwith (1846–19254): Austrlian trade union official and labour movement politician.
- Leon Trotsky (1879–1940): Marxist theorist.
- Frederick Vosper (1869–1901): Australian newspaper journalist and proprietor, and politician, known for his ardent views and support of Australian republicanism, federalism and trade unionism.
- Bengt Westerberg (1943–): Swedish politician, leader of the Liberal People's Party from 1983 to 1995. Minister for Social Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister from 1991 to 1994. Currently holds office as the Deputy President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Phillip Whitehead (1937–2005): British Labour politician, television producer and writer.
- Alan Wolfe (19??–): American political scientist and sociologist, director of the Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life.
- Mao Zedong (1893–1976): was a Chinese military and political leader, who led the Communist Party of China to victory in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Under his leadership, China officially became an atheist state..
Notes and references
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