Iron Chariots Wiki:Requested pages/List of nontheists (activists and educators)

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{{Lists of atheists from Wikipedia|List of atheists (Activists and educators)|June 16, 2008}}
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{{Lists of atheists from Wikipedia|List of atheists (activists and educators)|September 20, 2008}}
 
{{main|Lists of atheists}}
 
{{main|Lists of atheists}}
 
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This page contains activists and educators who are/were atheists.
 
  
==Atheism, freethought etc activists and educators==
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==Atheist activists and educators==
  
 
[[Image:Ayaan-Hirsi-Ali-VVD.NL-1200x1600.JPG|thumb|right|100px|[[Ayaan Hirsi Ali|Ali]]]]  
 
[[Image:Ayaan-Hirsi-Ali-VVD.NL-1200x1600.JPG|thumb|right|100px|[[Ayaan Hirsi Ali|Ali]]]]  
 
[[Image:Holyoake2.JPG|thumb|right|100px|[[George Holyoake|Holyoake]]]]
 
[[Image:Holyoake2.JPG|thumb|right|100px|[[George Holyoake|Holyoake]]]]
[[Image:Kropotkin Nadar.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Peter Kropotkin|Kropotkin]]]]
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[[Image:11.15.07MargaretDowneyByLuigiNovi.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Margaret Downey|Downey]]]]
[[Image:MargaretSanger-Underwood.LOC.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Margaret Sanger|Sanger]]]]
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[[Image:11.15.07EllenJohnsonByLuigiNovi.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Ellen Johnson|Johnson]]]]
* [[Clark Adams]] (1969&ndash;2007): Prominent American freethought leader and activist.<ref>"In college, after reading material from American Atheists, he became, in his words, 'a pretty hard core atheist.'" [http://www.americanhumanist.org/press/ClarkAdams.php Clark Adams: 1969-2007], American Humanist Association News Flash, [[May 24]], [[2007]] (Accessed [[14 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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[[Image:RANDI.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[James Randi|Randi]]]]
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[[Image:A. Philip Randolph 1963 NYWTS.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[A. Philip Randolph|Randolph]]]]
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* [[Clark Adams]] (1969&ndash;2007): Prominent American freethought leader and activist.<ref>"In college, after reading material from American Atheists, he became, in his words, 'a pretty hard core atheist.'" [http://www.americanhumanist.org/press/ClarkAdams.php Clark Adams: 1969-2007], American Humanist Association News Flash, May 24, 2007 (Accessed April 14, 2008)</ref>
 
* [[Ayaan Hirsi Ali]] (1969&ndash;): [[Dutch people|Dutch]] [[feminist]] and politician.<ref>{{cite news | author = Ian Buruma | title = Sacred freedom | url = http://www.ft.com/cms/s/73ea88c8-0489-11da-a775-00000e2511c8.html | work = Financial Times | date = [[2005-08-05]] | accessdate = 2006-12-22 | quote = Too much reason can reform a faith away, which would be fine with Hirsi Ali, who regards herself as an atheist.}}</ref>
 
* [[Ayaan Hirsi Ali]] (1969&ndash;): [[Dutch people|Dutch]] [[feminist]] and politician.<ref>{{cite news | author = Ian Buruma | title = Sacred freedom | url = http://www.ft.com/cms/s/73ea88c8-0489-11da-a775-00000e2511c8.html | work = Financial Times | date = [[2005-08-05]] | accessdate = 2006-12-22 | quote = Too much reason can reform a faith away, which would be fine with Hirsi Ali, who regards herself as an atheist.}}</ref>
 
* [[Natalie Angier]] (1958&ndash;): Nonfiction writer and science journalist for ''[[The New York Times]]''; 1991 winner of [[Pulitzer Prize]] for Beat Reporting.<ref>My God Problem[http://www.secularhumanism.org/index.php?section=library&page=angier_24_5]</ref>
 
* [[Natalie Angier]] (1958&ndash;): Nonfiction writer and science journalist for ''[[The New York Times]]''; 1991 winner of [[Pulitzer Prize]] for Beat Reporting.<ref>My God Problem[http://www.secularhumanism.org/index.php?section=library&page=angier_24_5]</ref>
 
* [[Dan Barker]] (1949&ndash;): [[United States|American]] atheist activist.<ref>Minister Turned Atheist[http://www.ffrf.org/about/bio_dan.php]</ref>
 
* [[Dan Barker]] (1949&ndash;): [[United States|American]] atheist activist.<ref>Minister Turned Atheist[http://www.ffrf.org/about/bio_dan.php]</ref>
* [[Peter Brearey]] (1939&ndash;1998): British secularist, socialist and journalist, Editor of ''The Freethinker'' from 1993 until his death.<ref>"He was an old-fashioned rationalist and radical. He detested modern politics and despised Blairite froth, spin-doctoring and cloned MPs and betrayal of principles. I share Peter's doubts about the milk-and-water term "humanism." He and I called ourselves atheists." Karl Heath, 'Obituary Letter: Peter Brearey', ''The Guardian'', 30 May 1998, Pg. 21.</ref>
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* [[Peter Brearey]] (1939&ndash;1998): British secularist, socialist and journalist, Editor of ''The Freethinker'' from 1993 until his death.<ref>"He was an old-fashioned rationalist and radical. He detested modern politics and despised Blairite froth, spin-doctoring and cloned MPs and betrayal of principles. I share Peter's doubts about the milk-and-water term "humanism." He and I called ourselves atheists." Karl Heath, 'Obituary Letter: Peter Brearey', ''The Guardian'', May 30, 1998, Pg. 21.</ref>
* [[William Montgomery Brown]] (1855&ndash;1937): Episcopal bishop and Communist author.<ref>"An ecclesiastical court [...] sitting at Cleveland, Ohio, yesterday, found Dr. William Montgomery Brown, retired Bishop of Arkansas, a self-styled "Christian Atheist", guilty of heresy." 'U.S. Heresy Trial. A "Christian Atheist."' ''The Times'', Monday, [[June 02]], [[1924]]; p. 13; Issue 43667; col C. </ref>  
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* [[William Montgomery Brown]] (1855&ndash;1937): Episcopal bishop and Communist author.<ref>"An ecclesiastical court [...] sitting at Cleveland, Ohio, yesterday, found Dr. William Montgomery Brown, retired Bishop of Arkansas, a self-styled "Christian Atheist", guilty of heresy." 'U.S. Heresy Trial. A "Christian Atheist."' ''The Times'', Monday, June 02, 1924; p. 13; Issue 43667; col C. </ref>  
 
* [[Richard Carrier]] (1969&ndash;): historian, philosopher, and atheist activist.<ref>Biography of Richard Carrier[http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/richard_carrier/bio.html]</ref>
 
* [[Richard Carrier]] (1969&ndash;): historian, philosopher, and atheist activist.<ref>Biography of Richard Carrier[http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/richard_carrier/bio.html]</ref>
* [[Chapman Cohen]] (1868&ndash;1954): English freethought writer and lecturer, and an editor of [[The Freethinker (journal)|The Freethinker]] and president of the [[National Secular Society]].<ref>"Cohen was a witty, courteous, and effective public speaker and debater, and a prolific writer with over fifty titles to his credit. Typical of his writings are ''A Grammar of Freethought'' (1921), ''Theism or Atheism'' (1921), ''Materialism Restated'' (1927), and four series of ''Essays in Freethinking'' (1923–38), culled from occasional pieces in the ''Freethinker''. His achievement was to transform Victorian freethought from an emphasis on anti-biblical argument to the positive advocacy of materialism [...]". Edward Royle, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/47685 'Cohen, Chapman (1868–1954)', ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed [[2 May]] [[2008]]). Note that there were actually five series of ''Essays''.</ref>  
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* [[Chapman Cohen]] (1868&ndash;1954): English freethought writer and lecturer, and an editor of [[The Freethinker (journal)|The Freethinker]] and president of the [[National Secular Society]].<ref>"Cohen was a witty, courteous, and effective public speaker and debater, and a prolific writer with over fifty titles to his credit. Typical of his writings are ''A Grammar of Freethought'' (1921), ''Theism or Atheism'' (1921), ''Materialism Restated'' (1927), and four series of ''Essays in Freethinking'' (1923–38), culled from occasional pieces in the ''Freethinker''. His achievement was to transform Victorian freethought from an emphasis on anti-biblical argument to the positive advocacy of materialism [...]". Edward Royle, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/47685 'Cohen, Chapman (1868–1954)', ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed May 2, 2008). Note that there were actually five series of ''Essays''.</ref>  
* [[Margaret Downey]] is an atheist activist who is the current President of Atheist Alliance International.<ref>[http://atheistalliance.org/aai/contacts.php National and International Contacts], Atheist Alliance International website, 2008 (Accessed [[14 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Margaret Downey]]: an atheist activist who is the current President of Atheist Alliance International.<ref>[http://atheistalliance.org/aai/contacts.php National and International Contacts], Atheist Alliance International website, 2008 (Accessed April 14, 2008)</ref>
* [[Joseph Edamaruku]] (1934&ndash;2006): Indian journalist, author, leader in the rationalist movement, and winner of the International Atheist Award in 1979.<ref>[http://www.thehindu.com/2006/06/30/stories/2006063018810500.htm Edamaruku dead: A staunch campaigner of rationalism], ''The Hindu'', 2006 (Accessed [[31 March]] [[2008]])</ref><ref>[http://www.rationalistinternational.net/associates/j_edamaruku.htm Honorary Associates of Rationalist International: Joseph Edamaruku (India)], profile at the website of Rationalist International (Accessed [[31 March]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Joseph Edamaruku]] (1934&ndash;2006): Indian journalist, author, leader in the rationalist movement, and winner of the International Atheist Award in 1979.<ref>[http://www.thehindu.com/2006/06/30/stories/2006063018810500.htm Edamaruku dead: A staunch campaigner of rationalism], ''The Hindu'', 2006 (Accessed March 31, 2008)</ref><ref>[http://www.rationalistinternational.net/associates/j_edamaruku.htm Honorary Associates of Rationalist International: Joseph Edamaruku (India)], profile at the website of Rationalist International (Accessed March 31, 2008)</ref>
* [[Sanal Edamaruku]] (1955&ndash;): Indian rationalist, president of the [[Indian Rationalist Association]].<ref>On [[3 March]] [[2008]], Edamaruku challenged a [[tantrik]] on TV to kill him using only magic. After two hours of failure, "[t]he tantrik, unwilling to admit defeat, tried the excuse that a very strong god whom Sanal might be worshipping obviously protected him. "No, I am an atheist", said Sanal Edamaruku." [http://www.rationalistinternational.net/article/2008/20080310/en_1.html The Great Tantra Challenge], ''Rationalist International'' article (Accessed [[31 March]] [[2008]])</ref>  
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* [[Sanal Edamaruku]] (1955&ndash;): Indian rationalist, president of the [[Indian Rationalist Association]].<ref>On March 3, 2008, Edamaruku challenged a [[tantrik]] on TV to kill him using only magic. After two hours of failure, "[t]he tantrik, unwilling to admit defeat, tried the excuse that a very strong god whom Sanal might be worshipping obviously protected him. "No, I am an atheist", said Sanal Edamaruku." [http://www.rationalistinternational.net/article/2008/20080310/en_1.html The Great Tantra Challenge], ''Rationalist International'' article (Accessed March 31, 2008)</ref>  
* [[Reginald Vaughn Finley, Sr.]] (1974&ndash;): ("The Infidel Guy"): Internet radio host and Podcaster in Atlanta, Georgia, co-founder of the Atheist Network and founder of FreethoughtMedia.com.<ref>"Mr. Finley is a lifetime educational activist, humanist and atheist. He dedicates over 80 hrs a week producing his programs that challenge himself and those that listen." [http://www.infidelguy.com/faq-3-About+InfidelGuy.com+%26amp%3B+Staff.html#3 The Infidel Guy Show FAQ] (accessed [[14 April]] [[2008]]). </ref>   
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* [[Reginald Vaughn Finley, Sr.]] (1974&ndash;): ("The Infidel Guy"): Internet radio host and Podcaster in Atlanta, Georgia, co-founder of the Atheist Network and founder of FreethoughtMedia.com.<ref>"Mr. Finley is a lifetime educational activist, humanist and atheist. He dedicates over 80 hrs a week producing his programs that challenge himself and those that listen." [http://www.infidelguy.com/faq-3-About+InfidelGuy.com+%26amp%3B+Staff.html#3 The Infidel Guy Show FAQ] (accessed April 14, 2008). </ref>   
* [[Annie Laurie Gaylor]] (1955&ndash;): co-founder of the [[Freedom From Religion Foundation]] and, with her husband Dan Barker, is the current co-president.<ref>"Air America... last Saturday aired its first Freethought show, hosted by [Dan] Barker and his wife, Annie Laurie Gaylor, who co-chair an atheist activist group called the Freedom of{{sic}} Religion Foundation." [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,300719,00.html Atheist Radio Show Goes National on Air America, With Ron Reagan as Guest], by Catherine Donaldson-Evans, foxnews.com, [[October 12]], [[2007]] (Accessed [[14 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Annie Laurie Gaylor]] (1955&ndash;): co-founder of the [[Freedom From Religion Foundation]] and, with her husband Dan Barker, is the current co-president.<ref>"Air America... last Saturday aired its first Freethought show, hosted by [Dan] Barker and his wife, Annie Laurie Gaylor, who co-chair an atheist activist group called the Freedom of{{sic}} Religion Foundation." [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,300719,00.html Atheist Radio Show Goes National on Air America, With Ron Reagan as Guest], by Catherine Donaldson-Evans, foxnews.com, October 12, 2007 (Accessed April 14, 2008)</ref>
 
* [[Emma Goldman]] (1869&ndash;1940): [[Lithuania]]n-born radical, known for her writings and speeches defending [[anarchist communism]], [[feminism]], and [[atheism]].<ref>{{cite web | author = Emma Goldman | url = http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/goldman.htm | title = The Philosophy of Atheism | date = 1916 February | publisher = positiveatheism.org | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Emma Goldman]] (1869&ndash;1940): [[Lithuania]]n-born radical, known for her writings and speeches defending [[anarchist communism]], [[feminism]], and [[atheism]].<ref>{{cite web | author = Emma Goldman | url = http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/goldman.htm | title = The Philosophy of Atheism | date = 1916 February | publisher = positiveatheism.org | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Goparaju Ramachandra Rao|Gora]] (1902&ndash;1975): Indian atheist leader, co-founder with his wife of the [[Atheist Centre]] in [[Andhra Pradesh]].<ref>[http://www.positiveatheism.org/tocindia.htm The Atheist Centre] (official website).</ref>
 
* [[Goparaju Ramachandra Rao|Gora]] (1902&ndash;1975): Indian atheist leader, co-founder with his wife of the [[Atheist Centre]] in [[Andhra Pradesh]].<ref>[http://www.positiveatheism.org/tocindia.htm The Atheist Centre] (official website).</ref>
 
* [[Saraswathi Gora]] (1912&ndash;2006): Indian [[social activist]], wife of Gora and leader of the [[Atheist Centre]] for many years, campaigning against [[untouchability]] and the [[caste]] system.<ref>[http://www.positiveatheism.org/tocindia.htm The Atheist Centre] (official website).</ref>
 
* [[Saraswathi Gora]] (1912&ndash;2006): Indian [[social activist]], wife of Gora and leader of the [[Atheist Centre]] for many years, campaigning against [[untouchability]] and the [[caste]] system.<ref>[http://www.positiveatheism.org/tocindia.htm The Atheist Centre] (official website).</ref>
 
* [[John William Gott]] (1866&ndash;1922): English trouser salesman and leader of the Freethought Socialist League, the last person in Britain to be sent to prison for blasphemy.<ref>"Inspector Elphick said the defendant [John William Gott] was considered to be a Socialist and Atheist of the worst type, and had been convicted many times." 'Blasphemer Sent To Prison', ''The Times'', 10 Dec 1921; p. 7; Issue 42900; col B. </ref>
 
* [[John William Gott]] (1866&ndash;1922): English trouser salesman and leader of the Freethought Socialist League, the last person in Britain to be sent to prison for blasphemy.<ref>"Inspector Elphick said the defendant [John William Gott] was considered to be a Socialist and Atheist of the worst type, and had been convicted many times." 'Blasphemer Sent To Prison', ''The Times'', 10 Dec 1921; p. 7; Issue 42900; col B. </ref>
* [[Erkki Hartikainen]] (1942&ndash;): is a Finnish atheist activist. He is the chairman of the Atheist Association of Finland (''Suomen Ateistiyhdistys'') and former chairman of the Union of Freethinkers of Finland (''Vapaa-ajattelijoiden liitto''), the biggest atheistic association in Finland.<ref>[http://www.dlc.fi/~etkirja/Erkki Erkki Hartikainen's profile], hosted at the website of the Atheist Association of Finland (Accessed [[15 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[E. Haldeman-Julius]] (1889&ndash;1951): American author, editor and publisher of the [[Little Blue Books]] series<ref>''The Militant Agnostic''. Haldeman-Julius, E. Prometheus Books. 1995.</ref>
* [[Austin Holyoake]] (1826&ndash;1874): English freethought printer and publisher, vice-president and first treasurer of the National Secular Society.<ref>"From the mid-1850s he was a convinced atheist and published over a dozen tracts and lectures, including ''Thoughts on Atheism, or, Can Man by Searching Find out God?'' (1870) and a neo-Malthusean pamphlet, ''Large or Small Families? On which Side Lies the Balance of Comfort?'' (1870). He edited with Charles Watts ''The Secularist's Manual of Songs and Ceremonies'' (1871), to which he contributed secular marriage and burial services. Edward Royle, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/47695 'Holyoake, Austin (1826–1874)', ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed [[1 May]] [[2008]]).</ref>
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* [[Erkki Hartikainen]] (1942&ndash;): is a Finnish atheist activist. He is the chairman of the Atheist Association of Finland (''Suomen Ateistiyhdistys'') and former chairman of the Union of Freethinkers of Finland (''Vapaa-ajattelijoiden liitto''), the biggest atheistic association in Finland.<ref>[http://www.dlc.fi/~etkirja/Erkki Erkki Hartikainen's profile], hosted at the website of the Atheist Association of Finland (Accessed April 15, 2008)</ref>
 
* [[George Holyoake]] (1817&ndash;1906): [[England|English]] [[Secularism|secularist]]. Holyoake was the last person in England to be imprisoned (in 1842) for being an atheist.<ref>{{cite news | last = Meek | first = James | authorlink = James Meek (author) | title = Free fall | work = Religion in the UK: special report | publisher = The Guardian | date = [[2000-02-02]] | url = http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,2763,190660,00.html | accessdate = 2007-04-20 }}</ref>  He coined the term "secularism" in 1846.<ref>Feldman, Noah (2005). Divided by God. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pg. 113</ref>
 
* [[George Holyoake]] (1817&ndash;1906): [[England|English]] [[Secularism|secularist]]. Holyoake was the last person in England to be imprisoned (in 1842) for being an atheist.<ref>{{cite news | last = Meek | first = James | authorlink = James Meek (author) | title = Free fall | work = Religion in the UK: special report | publisher = The Guardian | date = [[2000-02-02]] | url = http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,2763,190660,00.html | accessdate = 2007-04-20 }}</ref>  He coined the term "secularism" in 1846.<ref>Feldman, Noah (2005). Divided by God. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pg. 113</ref>
 
* [[Ellen Johnson]]: President of [[American Atheists]], 1995-2008.<ref>{{cite web | author = Ellen Johnson | url = http://www.atheists.org/welcome.html | title = Welcome from the president of American Atheists | date = 2006 | publisher = American Atheists | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Ellen Johnson]]: President of [[American Atheists]], 1995-2008.<ref>{{cite web | author = Ellen Johnson | url = http://www.atheists.org/welcome.html | title = Welcome from the president of American Atheists | date = 2006 | publisher = American Atheists | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
* [[Edwin Kagin]] (1940&ndash;): lawyer, activist, founder of the [[Camp Quest]] [[secular]] [[summer camp]], and American Atheists' Kentucky State Director.<ref>[http://www.atheists.org/ky/ American Atheists: Kentucky] (Accessed [[30 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Edwin Kagin]] (1940&ndash;): lawyer, activist, founder of the [[Camp Quest]] [[secular]] [[summer camp]], and American Atheists' Kentucky State Director.<ref>[http://www.atheists.org/ky/ American Atheists: Kentucky] (Accessed April 30, 2008)</ref>
* [[Dave Kong]] (19??&ndash;): Director of the California chapter of the American Atheists.<ref>[http://www.atheists.org/ca/ American Atheists: California] (Accessed [[15 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Dave Kong]] (19??&ndash;): Director of the California chapter of the American Atheists.<ref>[http://www.atheists.org/ca/ American Atheists: California] (Accessed April 15, 2008)</ref>
* [[Paul Kurtz]] (1925&ndash;): Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo, best known for his prominent role in the United States humanist and skeptical communities.<ref>"It's not that these atheists [Julia Sweeney, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Paul Boyer, Paul Kurtz] expect to rid America of religion." [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/week1019/cover.html The New Atheists], Betty Rollin (reporting), Bob Abernethy (anchor), ''Religion and Ethics Newsweekly'' (pbs.org), [[January 5]], [[2007]] Episode no. 1019, (Accessed [[14 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Paul Kurtz]] (1925&ndash;): Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo, best known for his prominent role in the United States humanist and skeptical communities.<ref>"It's not that these atheists [Julia Sweeney, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Paul Boyer, Paul Kurtz] expect to rid America of religion." [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/week1019/cover.html The New Atheists], Betty Rollin (reporting), Bob Abernethy (anchor), ''Religion and Ethics Newsweekly'' (pbs.org), January 5, 2007 Episode no. 1019, (Accessed April 14, 2008)</ref>
 
* [[Joseph Lewis]] (1889&ndash;1968): American freethinker and atheist, president of Freethinkers of America 1920&ndash;1968.<ref>Lewis wrote extensively on atheism, including [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis06.htm Atheism] (1930), [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis03.htm An Atheist Manifesto] (1954) and [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis00.htm The Philosophy of Atheism] (1960). From ''Atheism'': "I came to accept Atheism as the result of independent thought and self-study."</ref>  
 
* [[Joseph Lewis]] (1889&ndash;1968): American freethinker and atheist, president of Freethinkers of America 1920&ndash;1968.<ref>Lewis wrote extensively on atheism, including [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis06.htm Atheism] (1930), [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis03.htm An Atheist Manifesto] (1954) and [http://www.positiveatheism.org/hist/lewis/lewis00.htm The Philosophy of Atheism] (1960). From ''Atheism'': "I came to accept Atheism as the result of independent thought and self-study."</ref>  
* [[Emma Martin]] (c.1811&ndash;1851): English socialist and freethinker.<ref>"Emma's strident atheism was particularly provocative—so much so that even some of her fellow socialists objected. In 1842, angered by this lack of support from the movement, she and her fellow atheist [[George Holyoake|George Jacob Holyoake]] set up the Anti-Persecution Union to defend freethinkers charged with blasphemy. Emma herself ended up in court on several occasions, and was forced to hide from the police on others; but unlike many militant atheists, she avoided imprisonment." Barbara Taylor, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/45460 'Martin , Emma (1811/12–1851)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed [[6 May]] [[2008]]).</ref>
 
 
* [[Hemant Mehta]] (c.1983&ndash;): Author of [[I Sold My Soul on eBay]], chair of the [[Secular Student Alliance]] and author of the blog FriendlyAtheist.com.<ref>[http://www.beliefnet.com/story/224/story_22426_1.html 'I Sold My Soul on eBay': Interview with Atheist Hemant Mehta]</ref><ref> [http://www.friendlyatheist.com/ FriendlyAtheist.com blog]</ref>  
 
* [[Hemant Mehta]] (c.1983&ndash;): Author of [[I Sold My Soul on eBay]], chair of the [[Secular Student Alliance]] and author of the blog FriendlyAtheist.com.<ref>[http://www.beliefnet.com/story/224/story_22426_1.html 'I Sold My Soul on eBay': Interview with Atheist Hemant Mehta]</ref><ref> [http://www.friendlyatheist.com/ FriendlyAtheist.com blog]</ref>  
 
* [[Michael Newdow]] (1953&ndash;): American [[physician]] and [[Attorney at law|attorney]], who sued a [[school district]] on the grounds that its requirement that children recite the U.S. [[Pledge of Allegiance]], containing the words "under God", breached the [[separation of church and state|separation-of-church-and-state]] provision in the [[Establishment Clause of the First Amendment|establishment clause]] of the [[United States Constitution]].<ref>{{cite news | author = Tom Curry | title = Atheist pleads with justices to stop recitation of pledge | url = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4594537/ | publisher = MSNBC | date = [[2004-03-24]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Michael Newdow]] (1953&ndash;): American [[physician]] and [[Attorney at law|attorney]], who sued a [[school district]] on the grounds that its requirement that children recite the U.S. [[Pledge of Allegiance]], containing the words "under God", breached the [[separation of church and state|separation-of-church-and-state]] provision in the [[Establishment Clause of the First Amendment|establishment clause]] of the [[United States Constitution]].<ref>{{cite news | author = Tom Curry | title = Atheist pleads with justices to stop recitation of pledge | url = http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4594537/ | publisher = MSNBC | date = [[2004-03-24]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Madalyn Murray O'Hair]] (1919&ndash;1995): founder of [[American Atheists]], campaigner for the [[separation of church and state]]; filed the lawsuit that led the US Supreme Court to ban teacher-led prayer and Bible reading in public schools.<ref>{{cite web | author = Conrad F. Goeringer | url = http://www.atheists.org/visitors.center/OHairFamily/ | title = The Murray O’Hair Family | date = 2000 June | publisher = American Atheists | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
 
* [[Madalyn Murray O'Hair]] (1919&ndash;1995): founder of [[American Atheists]], campaigner for the [[separation of church and state]]; filed the lawsuit that led the US Supreme Court to ban teacher-led prayer and Bible reading in public schools.<ref>{{cite web | author = Conrad F. Goeringer | url = http://www.atheists.org/visitors.center/OHairFamily/ | title = The Murray O’Hair Family | date = 2000 June | publisher = American Atheists | accessdate = 2006-12-13}}</ref>
* [[Keith Porteous Wood]] (19??&ndash;): Executive Director, formerly General Secretary, of the [[National Secular Society]] in the United Kingdom.<ref>"I have been an atheist all my life and I have been the executive director of the National Secular Society for six years." [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200203/ldselect/ldrelof/95/2071803.htm Minutes of Evidence], House of Lords Select Committee on Religious Offences in England and Wales, 18 July 2002 (accessed 18 April 2002). </ref>
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* [[Keith Porteous Wood]] (19??&ndash;): Executive Director, formerly General Secretary, of the [[National Secular Society]] in the United Kingdom.<ref>"I have been an atheist all my life and I have been the executive director of the National Secular Society for six years." [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200203/ldselect/ldrelof/95/2071803.htm Minutes of Evidence], House of Lords Select Committee on Religious Offences in England and Wales, July 18, 2002 (accessed April 18, 2002). </ref>
*[[James Randi]], (1928&ndash;): magician, debunker, and founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation.<ref> Randi wrote: "...I am a concerned, forthright, declared, atheist." [http://www.randi.org/jr/080505potential.html#14 Our Stance on Atheism], Swift: Online Newsletter of the JREF, August 5, 2005. (Accessed 1 June 2007)</ref>
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* [[Philip K. Paulson]] (1947&ndash;2006): American plaintiff in a series of law suits to remove a Christian cross from a prominent summit in the city of San Diego.<ref>"The real message is equal treatment under the law, and religious neutrality. That's the purpose of why I did it. It has nothing to do with me being an atheist. The fact is, the Constitution calls for no preference and that's why every judge ruled for me." Philip K. Paulson, quoted in Kelly Thornton, '[http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20061026/news_7m26paulson.html Vietnam veteran dies of liver cancer]', ''The San Diego Union-Tribune'', October 26, 2006 (accessed August 1, 2008).</ref>
*[[A. Philip Randolph]], (1889&ndash;1979): [[African American|African-American]] [[US civil rights movement|civil rights leader]].<ref>"Although greatly influenced by his father's political and racial attitudes, Randolph resisted pressure to enter the ministry and later became an atheist." Paula F. Pfeffer: "Randolph, Asa Philip", ''American National Biography Online'' Feb. 2000 (accessed [[28 April]] [[2008]]) [http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-01101.html].</ref>
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*[[James Randi]], (1928&ndash;): magician, debunker, and founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation.<ref> Randi wrote: "...I am a concerned, forthright, declared, atheist." [http://www.randi.org/jr/080505potential.html#14 Our Stance on Atheism], Swift: Online Newsletter of the JREF, August 5, 2005. (Accessed June 1, 2007)</ref>
*[[J. M. Robertson]] (1856&ndash;1933): Scottish journalist, advocate of [[rationalist movement|rationalism]] and [[secularism]], social reformer and [[Liberal Party (UK)|Liberal]] [[Member of Parliament]].<ref>"In that year he came under the influence of the radical freethinker Charles Bradlaugh and, after being active in the Edinburgh Secular Society, accepted Bradlaugh's invitation to join him in London as assistant editor of the ''National Reformer''. When Bradlaugh died, Robertson became editor until the publication failed in 1893, when he founded the Free Review, which he edited until 1895. [...] During the late 1880s and the 1890s Robertson extended his interests beyond atheism, free thought, and neo-Malthusianism and became increasingly involved with radical and ethical causes [...]." Michael Freeden, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/35783 'Robertson, John Mackinnon (1856–1933)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006 (accessed 6 May 2008).</ref>
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*[[A. Philip Randolph]], (1889&ndash;1979): [[African American|African-American]] [[US civil rights movement|civil rights leader]].<ref>"Although greatly influenced by his father's political and racial attitudes, Randolph resisted pressure to enter the ministry and later became an atheist." Paula F. Pfeffer: "Randolph, Asa Philip", ''American National Biography Online'' Feb. 2000 (accessed April 28, 2008) [http://www.anb.org/articles/15/15-01101.html].</ref>
*[[Terry Sanderson]] (1946&ndash;): British secularist and gay rights activist, author and journalist, President of the National Secular Society since 2006.<ref>"Many members of the NSS are, of course, also atheists. Some, including myself, have come to the conclusion that belief in the supernatural is fallacious, and they don't hesitate to say so. The fact that adherents to the supernatural explanation of life apparently cannot bear to hear any opposition, and rush to label atheists as "fundamentalist", is a measure of where we are." Terry Sanderson, 'All at sea over faith and secularism', ''The Guardian'', 28 February 2007, Reply Letters and emails, Pg. 35.</ref>
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*[[J. M. Robertson]] (1856&ndash;1933): Scottish journalist, advocate of [[rationalist movement|rationalism]] and [[secularism]], social reformer and [[Liberal Party (UK)|Liberal]] [[Member of Parliament]].<ref>"In that year he came under the influence of the radical freethinker Charles Bradlaugh and, after being active in the Edinburgh Secular Society, accepted Bradlaugh's invitation to join him in London as assistant editor of the ''National Reformer''. When Bradlaugh died, Robertson became editor until the publication failed in 1893, when he founded the Free Review, which he edited until 1895. [...] During the late 1880s and the 1890s Robertson extended his interests beyond atheism, free thought, and neo-Malthusianism and became increasingly involved with radical and ethical causes [...]." Michael Freeden, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/35783 'Robertson, John Mackinnon (1856–1933)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006 (accessed May 6, 2008).</ref>
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*[[Terry Sanderson]] (1946&ndash;): British secularist and gay rights activist, author and journalist, President of the National Secular Society since 2006.<ref>"Many members of the NSS are, of course, also atheists. Some, including myself, have come to the conclusion that belief in the supernatural is fallacious, and they don't hesitate to say so. The fact that adherents to the supernatural explanation of life apparently cannot bear to hear any opposition, and rush to label atheists as "fundamentalist", is a measure of where we are." Terry Sanderson, 'All at sea over faith and secularism', ''The Guardian'', February 28, 2007, Reply Letters and emails, Pg. 35.</ref>
 
* [[Vinayak Damodar Savarkar]] (1883&ndash;1966): Indian revolutionary freedom fighter, and Hindu nationalist leader.<ref>{{cite news | title = The Rediff Interview: Bipan Chandra | url = http://www.rediff.com/news/2003/mar/03inter.htm | publisher = Rediff India Abroad | date = [[2003-03-03]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13 | quote = Savarkar was an atheist. When he was the Hindu Mahasabha president he used to give lectures on why there is no god.}}</ref>
 
* [[Vinayak Damodar Savarkar]] (1883&ndash;1966): Indian revolutionary freedom fighter, and Hindu nationalist leader.<ref>{{cite news | title = The Rediff Interview: Bipan Chandra | url = http://www.rediff.com/news/2003/mar/03inter.htm | publisher = Rediff India Abroad | date = [[2003-03-03]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13 | quote = Savarkar was an atheist. When he was the Hindu Mahasabha president he used to give lectures on why there is no god.}}</ref>
* [[Robert I. Sherman]]: American atheist advocate and member of Illinois Green Party.<ref>[http://www.wbbm780.com/Lawmaker-Apologizes-For-Comments-Against-Atheist/1980701 Lawmaker Apologizes For Comments Against Atheist] Website of WBBM Newsradio 780, 10 April 2008 (Accessed 17 April 2008)</ref>
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* [[Robert I. Sherman]]: American atheist advocate and member of Illinois Green Party.<ref>[http://www.wbbm780.com/Lawmaker-Apologizes-For-Comments-Against-Atheist/1980701 Lawmaker Apologizes For Comments Against Atheist] Website of WBBM Newsradio 780, April 10, 2008 (Accessed April 17, 2008)</ref>
* [[Charles Lee Smith]] (1887&ndash;1964): an atheist activist in the United States and an editor of the ''Truth Seeker'' until his death. He also founded the American Association for the Advancement of Atheism. Smith was arrested twice in 1928 for selling atheist literature and for blasphemy. Since he refused to swear an oath to God on the Bible, he was not allowed to testify in his own defense.<ref>"Closer to home, in Arkansas, atheist activist Charles Lee Smith was twice arrested in 1928, first for selling atheist literature and then for blasphemy. Moreover, since he couldn't as an atheist swear an oath to God on the Bible, he wasn't permitted to testify in his own defense!" American Humanist Association Executive (AHA) Director Roy Speckhardt, as quoted in an AHA press release: [http://www.americanhumanist.org/press/Davis.php Did Politician Really Apologize for Anti-Atheist Rant?] 11 April 2008 (Accessed 15 April 2008)</ref>
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* [[Charles Lee Smith]] (1887&ndash;1964): an atheist activist in the United States and an editor of the ''Truth Seeker'' until his death. He also founded the American Association for the Advancement of Atheism. Smith was arrested twice in 1928 for selling atheist literature and for blasphemy. Since he refused to swear an oath to God on the Bible, he was not allowed to testify in his own defense.<ref>"Closer to home, in Arkansas, atheist activist Charles Lee Smith was twice arrested in 1928, first for selling atheist literature and then for blasphemy. Moreover, since he couldn't as an atheist swear an oath to God on the Bible, he wasn't permitted to testify in his own defense!" American Humanist Association Executive (AHA) Director Roy Speckhardt, as quoted in an AHA press release: [http://www.americanhumanist.org/press/Davis.php Did Politician Really Apologize for Anti-Atheist Rant?] April 11, 2008 (Accessed April 15, 2008)</ref>
 
* [[Barbara Smoker]] (1923&ndash;): British humanist activist and freethought advocate. Wrote the book ''Freethoughts: Atheism, Secularism, Humanism – Selected Egotistically from [[The Freethinker (journal)|The Freethinker]]''.<ref>{{cite book | last = Smoker | first = Barbara | title = Freethoughts: Atheism, Humanism, Secularism | year = 2002 | publisher = Foote (G.W.) & Co Ltd | isbn = 0-9508243-5-6 }}</ref>
 
* [[Barbara Smoker]] (1923&ndash;): British humanist activist and freethought advocate. Wrote the book ''Freethoughts: Atheism, Secularism, Humanism – Selected Egotistically from [[The Freethinker (journal)|The Freethinker]]''.<ref>{{cite book | last = Smoker | first = Barbara | title = Freethoughts: Atheism, Humanism, Secularism | year = 2002 | publisher = Foote (G.W.) & Co Ltd | isbn = 0-9508243-5-6 }}</ref>
* [[Charles Southwell]] (1814&ndash;1860): English freethinker and journalist.<ref>"Together with William Chilton and John Field, Southwell began the ''Oracle of Reason'', a penny weekly advocating atheism. Aggressively confrontational, the ''Oracle'' featured a pro-evolutionary series (begun by Southwell, continued by Chilton) using science to prove the bestial origins of the human race." J. A. Secord, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/54378 'Southwell, Charles (1814–1860)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed 6 May 2008).</ref>
 
 
* [[Polly Toynbee]] (1946&ndash;): British journalist, columnist for ''[[The Guardian]]''.<ref>{{cite news | author = Polly Toynbee | title = This is a clash of civilisations - between reason and superstition | url = http://education.guardian.co.uk/schools/comment/story/0,,1753745,00.html | work = The Guardian | date = [[2006-04-14]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13 | quote = Even an old atheist like me sees no good in this ignorance of basic Christian myths.}}</ref>
 
* [[Polly Toynbee]] (1946&ndash;): British journalist, columnist for ''[[The Guardian]]''.<ref>{{cite news | author = Polly Toynbee | title = This is a clash of civilisations - between reason and superstition | url = http://education.guardian.co.uk/schools/comment/story/0,,1753745,00.html | work = The Guardian | date = [[2006-04-14]] | accessdate = 2006-12-13 | quote = Even an old atheist like me sees no good in this ignorance of basic Christian myths.}}</ref>
* [[Nicolas Walter]] (1934&ndash;2000): British anarchist and atheist writer, speaker and activist.<ref>"Mr Walter is a third-generation atheist, very proud that his grandparents, on both sides, shrugged off various forms of Protestantism. His father was W Grey Walter, the eminent neurologist, who often appeared on The Brains Trust. "He was a left-wing humanist and believed that science could solve everything." " Hunter Davies interviewing Walter, 'O come all ye faithless: Nicolas Walter, a militant atheist, sees no reason to celebrate Christmas. But he'll still be singing a carol or two', ''The Independent'' (London), 20 December 1994, Life, Pg. 19.</ref>
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* [[Nicolas Walter]] (1934&ndash;2000): British anarchist and atheist writer, speaker and activist.<ref>"Mr Walter is a third-generation atheist, very proud that his grandparents, on both sides, shrugged off various forms of Protestantism. His father was W Grey Walter, the eminent neurologist, who often appeared on The Brains Trust. "He was a left-wing humanist and believed that science could solve everything." " Hunter Davies interviewing Walter, 'O come all ye faithless: Nicolas Walter, a militant atheist, sees no reason to celebrate Christmas. But he'll still be singing a carol or two', ''The Independent'' (London), December 20, 1994, Life, Pg. 19.</ref>
 
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==Other activists and educators==
 
==Other activists and educators==
 
People who are/were activists or educators in other areas (social reform, feminism etc), but who were also atheists.
 
People who are/were activists or educators in other areas (social reform, feminism etc), but who were also atheists.
  
* [[Pietro Acciarito]] (1871&ndash;1943): Italian [[Anarchism|anarchist]] activist who attempted to assassinate [[Umberto I of Italy|King Umberto I]].<ref>Vizetelly, Ernest Alfred ([[1911]]),  [http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/vizetelly/vizetelly9.html Barcelona Outrages - The Empress Elizabeth and Luccheni], ''The Anarchists: Their Faith and Their Record'', Turnbull and Spears Printers, Edinburgh. Retrieved [[March 19]], [[2007]].</ref>
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[[Image:Kropotkin Nadar.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Peter Kropotkin|Kropotkin]]]]
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[[Image:MargaretSanger-Underwood.LOC.jpg|thumb|right|100px|[[Margaret Sanger|Sanger]]]]
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[[Image:David Suzuki (arms crossed).png|thumb|right|100px|[[David Suzuki|Suzuki]]]]
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* [[Pietro Acciarito]] (1871&ndash;1943): Italian [[Anarchism|anarchist]] activist who attempted to assassinate [[Umberto I of Italy|King Umberto I]].<ref>Vizetelly, Ernest Alfred (1911),  [http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/vizetelly/vizetelly9.html Barcelona Outrages - The Empress Elizabeth and Luccheni], ''The Anarchists: Their Faith and Their Record'', Turnbull and Spears Printers, Edinburgh. Retrieved March 19, 2007.</ref>
 
* [[Zackie Achmat]] (1962&ndash;): [[South Africa]]n anti-HIV/AIDS activist; founder of the [[Treatment Action Campaign]].<ref>{{cite news | author = John Carlin | title = Zackie's story: The man who took on Mbeki - and won | url = http://news.independent.co.uk/world/africa/article2029292.ece | work = The Independent | date = [[2005-08-05]] | accessdate = 2007-08-27 | quote = A homosexual, an atheist, and a militant anti-apartheid campaigner whose political ideas were forged on an intense reading of Marx, Lenin, and Trotsky... Having scored triumphs in the toughest Aids battlefield of them all - South Africa - his atheist's faith tells him that, for all the suffering, it can be done.}}</ref>
 
* [[Zackie Achmat]] (1962&ndash;): [[South Africa]]n anti-HIV/AIDS activist; founder of the [[Treatment Action Campaign]].<ref>{{cite news | author = John Carlin | title = Zackie's story: The man who took on Mbeki - and won | url = http://news.independent.co.uk/world/africa/article2029292.ece | work = The Independent | date = [[2005-08-05]] | accessdate = 2007-08-27 | quote = A homosexual, an atheist, and a militant anti-apartheid campaigner whose political ideas were forged on an intense reading of Marx, Lenin, and Trotsky... Having scored triumphs in the toughest Aids battlefield of them all - South Africa - his atheist's faith tells him that, for all the suffering, it can be done.}}</ref>
* [[Baba Amte]]: Respected Indian social activist, known for his work with lepers.<ref>"Atheist though he was..." [http://www.economist.com/obituary/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10757984 Obituary: Baba Amte], ''The Economist'' [[1 March]] [[2008]]: 93. (Retrieved [[21 March]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Baba Amte]] (1914&ndash;2008): Respected Indian social activist, known for his work with lepers.<ref>"Atheist though he was..." [http://www.economist.com/obituary/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10757984 Obituary: Baba Amte], ''The Economist'' March 1, 2008: 93. (Retrieved March 21, 2008)</ref>
* [[Yaron Brook]] (1961&ndash;): Current president and executive director of the Ayn Rand Institute.<ref>"He's a proud atheist..." [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1184168546846&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter The nexus], by Orit Arfa, ''The Jerusalem Post'', [[12 July]] [[2007]] (Accessed [[16 April]] [[2008]])</ref>
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* [[Yaron Brook]] (1961&ndash;): Current president and executive director of the Ayn Rand Institute.<ref>"He's a proud atheist..." [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1184168546846&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter The nexus], by Orit Arfa, ''The Jerusalem Post'', July 12, 2007 (Accessed April 16, 2008)</ref>
* [[Deng Pufang]] (1944&ndash;): Chinese handicap people's rights activist, first son of China's former Paramount leader Deng Xiaoping.<ref>"Mother Teresa of Calcutta told the handicapped son of China's leader, Deng Xiaoping, yesterday that his efforts for the disabled showed he loved God. 'But I am an atheist,' said Deng Pufang, whose legs were paralysed when fellow students forced him out of a window during the Cultural Revolution." John Gittings, 'How a Maoist mob hunted down descendants of Peng Pai, Communist Party's first peasant organiser', ''The Guardian'' (London), 23 January 1985.</ref>
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* [[Deng Pufang]] (1944&ndash;): Chinese handicap people's rights activist, first son of China's former Paramount leader Deng Xiaoping.<ref>"Mother Teresa of Calcutta told the handicapped son of China's leader, Deng Xiaoping, yesterday that his efforts for the disabled showed he loved God. 'But I am an atheist,' said Deng Pufang, whose legs were paralysed when fellow students forced him out of a window during the Cultural Revolution." John Gittings, 'How a Maoist mob hunted down descendants of Peng Pai, Communist Party's first peasant organiser', ''The Guardian'' (London), January 23, 1985.</ref>
 
* [[David D. Friedman]] (1945&ndash;): Economist, law professor, novelist, and libertarian activist.<ref>Friedman wrote "I'm also an atheist" in his blog article titled [http://daviddfriedman.blogspot.com/2008/01/atheism-and-religion.html ''Atheism and Religion'']. This blog is linked from his personal web site,[http://www.daviddfriedman.com/] which is in turn linked from his Santa Clara Law site.[http://www.scu.edu/law/faculty/profile/friedman-david.cfm]</ref>
 
* [[David D. Friedman]] (1945&ndash;): Economist, law professor, novelist, and libertarian activist.<ref>Friedman wrote "I'm also an atheist" in his blog article titled [http://daviddfriedman.blogspot.com/2008/01/atheism-and-religion.html ''Atheism and Religion'']. This blog is linked from his personal web site,[http://www.daviddfriedman.com/] which is in turn linked from his Santa Clara Law site.[http://www.scu.edu/law/faculty/profile/friedman-david.cfm]</ref>
* [[E. Haldeman-Julius]] (1889&ndash;1951): American social reformer and publisher, most noted as the editor of [[Appeal to Reason]] newspaper.<ref>In [http://www.infidels.org/library/historical/e_haldeman-julius/meaning_of_atheism.html The Meaning Of Atheism], Haldeman-Julius wrote: "We advocate the atheistic philosophy because it is the only clear, consistent position which seems possible to us. As atheists, we simply deny the assumptions of theism; we declare that the God idea, in all its features, is unreasonable and unprovable; we add, more vitally, that the God idea is an interference with the interests of human happiness and progress." (Accessed [[23 April]] [[2008]].) </ref>
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* [[E. Haldeman-Julius]] (1889&ndash;1951): American social reformer and publisher, most noted as the editor of [[Appeal to Reason]] newspaper.<ref>In [http://www.infidels.org/library/historical/e_haldeman-julius/meaning_of_atheism.html The Meaning Of Atheism], Haldeman-Julius wrote: "We advocate the atheistic philosophy because it is the only clear, consistent position which seems possible to us. As atheists, we simply deny the assumptions of theism; we declare that the God idea, in all its features, is unreasonable and unprovable; we add, more vitally, that the God idea is an interference with the interests of human happiness and progress." (Accessed April 23, 2008.) </ref>
* [[Norma Kitson]] (1933&ndash;2002): South African anti-apartheid activist.<ref>"Though an atheist, she was buried in a Jewish cemetery - a strange end for a rebel within a revolution." Denis Herbstein, 'Obituary: Norma Kitson: On the streets of London, and in the townships of South Africa, they fought and won the struggle against apartheid', ''The Guardian'', 12 July 2002, Pg. 20.</ref>
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* [[Peter Kropotkin]] (1842&ndash;1921): Russian anarchist communist activist and geographer, best known for his book, ''[[Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution]]'', which refutes [[social Darwinism]].<ref>"[T]he noblest man, the one really greatest of them all was Prince Peter Kropotkin, a self-professed atheist and a great man of science."&mdash;Ely, Robert Erskine (October 10, 1941), ''New York World-Telegram''.</ref>
* [[Peter Kropotkin]] (1842&ndash;1921): Russian anarchist communist activist and geographer, best known for his book, ''[[Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution]]'', which refutes [[social Darwinism]].<ref>"[T]he noblest man, the one really greatest of them all was Prince Peter Kropotkin, a self-professed atheist and a great man of science."&mdash;Ely, Robert Erskine ([[October 10]], [[1941]]), ''New York World-Telegram''.</ref>
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* [[Taslima Nasrin]] (1962&ndash;): Bangladeshi physician, writer, feminist human rights activist and [[Secular humanism|secular humanist]].<ref>"I was born in a Muslim family, but I became an atheist." [http://www.unesco.org/webworld/points_of_views/nasreen_121199.shtml For freedom of expression], Taslima Nasreen, November 12, 1999 - Taslima Nasreen took the floor during Commission V of UNESCO's General Conference, as a delegate of the NGO [[International Humanist and Ethical Union]] (Accessed December 23, 2006).</ref>
* [[Taslima Nasrin]] (1962&ndash;): Bangladeshi physician, writer, feminist human rights activist and [[Secular humanism|secular humanist]].<ref>"I was born in a Muslim family, but I became an atheist." [http://www.unesco.org/webworld/points_of_views/nasreen_121199.shtml For freedom of expression], Taslima Nasreen, November 12, 1999 - Taslima Nasreen took the floor during Commission V of UNESCO's General Conference, as a delegate of the NGO [[International Humanist and Ethical Union]] (Accessed 23 December 2006).</ref>
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* [[Ingrid Newkirk]] (1949&ndash;): British-born animal rights activist, author, and president and co-founder of [[People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals]], the world's largest animal rights organization.<ref>"Newkirk considers herself a feminist and an atheist." Michael Specter interviewing Newkirk, 'Mother Nature', ''The Observer'', June 22, 2003, Observer Magazine Pages, Pg. 24.</ref>
* [[Ingrid Newkirk]] (1949&ndash;): British-born animal rights activist, author, and president and co-founder of [[People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals]], the world's largest animal rights organization.<ref>"Newkirk considers herself a feminist and an atheist." Michael Specter interviewing Newkirk, 'Mother Nature', ''The Observer'', 22 June 2003, Observer Magazine Pages, Pg. 24.</ref>
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*[[Ron Reagan]] (1958&ndash;): American magazine journalist, board member of the politically activistic [[Creative Coalition]], son of former U. S. President [[Ronald Reagan]].<ref>"I'm an atheist so... I can't be elected to anything, because polls all say that people won't elect an atheist." Ron Reagan Jr. during an interview on ''Larry King Live'', June 26, 2004. See [http://www.zippyvideos.com/86205588522205/ron clip].</ref>
*[[Ron Reagan]] (1958&ndash;): American magazine journalist, board member of the politically activistic [[Creative Coalition]], son of former U. S. President [[Ronald Reagan]].<ref>"I'm an atheist so... I can't be elected to anything, because polls all say that people won't elect an atheist." Ron Reagan Jr. during an interview on ''Larry King Live'', 26 June 2004. See [http://www.zippyvideos.com/86205588522205/ron clip].</ref>
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*[[Henry Stephens Salt]] (1851&ndash;1939): English writer and campaigner for social reform in the fields of prisons, schools, economic institutions and the treatment of animals, a noted anti-vivisectionist and pacifist, and a literary critic, biographer, classical scholar and naturalist, and the man who introduced [[Mahatma Gandhi]] to the influential works of [[Henry David Thoreau]].<ref>"I approached Henry Salt's ''Life'' with caution, knowing him to be a "compendium of cranks" (he was an atheist, vegetarian, ex-Eton master, ethical socialist, prison reformer, correspondent of Gandhi, and married a lesbian perhaps without realising it)." Richard North reviewing ''Life of Henry David Thoreau'' by Henry S Salt, 'Stubborn, lop-sided hermit with a pinch of salt', The Independent (London), November 24, 1993, Page 19.</ref>
 
* [[Margaret Sanger]] (1879&ndash;1966): American [[birth control|birth-control]] activist, founder of the [[American Birth Control League]], a forerunner to [[Planned Parenthood]]. The masthead motto of her newsletter, ''The Woman Rebel'', read: "No Gods, No Masters".<ref name="Haught">{{cite book | last = Haught | first = James A. | title = 2,000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt | year = 1996 | publisher = Prometheus Books | id = ISBN 1-57392-067-3 | pages = pp. 261-262}}</ref>
 
* [[Margaret Sanger]] (1879&ndash;1966): American [[birth control|birth-control]] activist, founder of the [[American Birth Control League]], a forerunner to [[Planned Parenthood]]. The masthead motto of her newsletter, ''The Woman Rebel'', read: "No Gods, No Masters".<ref name="Haught">{{cite book | last = Haught | first = James A. | title = 2,000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt | year = 1996 | publisher = Prometheus Books | id = ISBN 1-57392-067-3 | pages = pp. 261-262}}</ref>
* [[Rosika Schwimmer]] (1877&ndash;19486): Hungarian-born pacifist, feminist and female suffragist.<ref>" Schlotfeldt sent her another letter on Jan. 11, 1927, in which he specifically asked her about a statement she had made to Col. Lee Alexander Stone in September 1925, in which she wrote: "I am an uncompromising pacifist for whom even Jane Addams is not enough of a pacifist. I am an absolute atheist. I have no sense of nationalism, only a cosmic consciousness of belonging to the human family." (Both Schwimmer and Rabe knew Addams, the noted co-founder of Chicago's famed Hull House and the first woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize.) Schwimmer responded to "my dear Mr. Schlotfeldt" in a Jan. 21, 1927, letter that she was "quoted correctly" in her response to Stone. " Ronald K. L. Collins and and David L. Hudson Jr., '[http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/analysis.aspx?id=19957 Remembering 2 forgotten women in our free-speech history]', 27 May 2008 (accessed 29 May 2008).</ref>
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* [[Rosika Schwimmer]] (1877&ndash;19486): Hungarian-born pacifist, feminist and female suffragist.<ref>" Schlotfeldt sent her another letter on Jan. 11, 1927, in which he specifically asked her about a statement she had made to Col. Lee Alexander Stone in September 1925, in which she wrote: "I am an uncompromising pacifist for whom even Jane Addams is not enough of a pacifist. I am an absolute atheist. I have no sense of nationalism, only a cosmic consciousness of belonging to the human family." (Both Schwimmer and Rabe knew Addams, the noted co-founder of Chicago's famed Hull House and the first woman to receive a Nobel Peace Prize.) Schwimmer responded to "my dear Mr. Schlotfeldt" in a Jan. 21, 1927, letter that she was "quoted correctly" in her response to Stone. " Ronald K. L. Collins and David L. Hudson Jr., '[http://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/analysis.aspx?id=19957 Remembering 2 forgotten women in our free-speech history]', May 27, 2008 (accessed May 29, 2008).</ref>
 
* [[Bhagat Singh]] (1907&ndash;1931): Indian revolutionary freedom fighter.<ref>{{cite web | last=Singh | first=Bhagat | authorlink=Bhagat Singh | title = Why I Am An Atheist | url = http://www.boloji.com/spirituality/051.htm | publisher = Boloji Media Inc | date = [[2002-06-18]] | accessdate = 2007-04-11 | quote = I had become a pronounced atheist.}}</ref>
 
* [[Bhagat Singh]] (1907&ndash;1931): Indian revolutionary freedom fighter.<ref>{{cite web | last=Singh | first=Bhagat | authorlink=Bhagat Singh | title = Why I Am An Atheist | url = http://www.boloji.com/spirituality/051.htm | publisher = Boloji Media Inc | date = [[2002-06-18]] | accessdate = 2007-04-11 | quote = I had become a pronounced atheist.}}</ref>
* [[Marie Souvestre]] (1830&ndash;1905): French headmistress, a feminist educator who sought to develop independent minds in young women.<ref>"To learn at Les Ruches came Anna (Bamie) Roosevelt, the favourite sister and later adviser of Theodore Roosevelt [...] and Richard Potter—though Beatrice Potter (later Webb), then antipathetic to the Frenchwoman's energetic atheism, declined to follow her sister Rosy. [...] In London, Souvestre became intimate, as well as with the Harrisons and Stracheys, with Leslie Stephen, the Morleys, the Chamberlains, Mrs J. R. Green, and a wider circle of radicals and freethinkers, including the young Beatrice Webb. A convinced humanist, candidly pro-Boer, anti-imperialist, and anti-clerical—though she also frequented and liked the Mandell Creightons—she impressed with her intellect and charmed with her personality." D. A. Steel, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/53508 'Souvestre, Marie Claire (1835–1905)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed 6 May 2008).</ref>
+
* [[Marie Souvestre]] (1830&ndash;1905): French headmistress, a feminist educator who sought to develop independent minds in young women.<ref>"To learn at Les Ruches came Anna (Bamie) Roosevelt, the favourite sister and later adviser of Theodore Roosevelt [...] and Richard Potter—though Beatrice Potter (later Webb), then antipathetic to the Frenchwoman's energetic atheism, declined to follow her sister Rosy. [...] In London, Souvestre became intimate, as well as with the Harrisons and Stracheys, with Leslie Stephen, the Morleys, the Chamberlains, Mrs J. R. Green, and a wider circle of radicals and freethinkers, including the young Beatrice Webb. A convinced humanist, candidly pro-Boer, anti-imperialist, and anti-clerical—though she also frequented and liked the Mandell Creightons—she impressed with her intellect and charmed with her personality." D. A. Steel, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/53508 'Souvestre, Marie Claire (1835–1905)'], ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed May 6, 2008).</ref>
 
* [[David Suzuki]] (1936&ndash;): Canadian university professor, science broadcaster, and environmental activist.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=132947&x=articles&s=books|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060903143907/http://lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=132947&x=articles&s=books| archivedate=2006-09-03| title=Review: Suzuki laments conscience role | date=2006-04-28 |publisher=The London Free Press |author=Nancy Schiefer |quote=As an atheist, Suzuki declares, he has no illusions about life and death, adding that the individual is insignificant in cosmic terms.| accessdate= 2007-10-29}} Review of book "David Suzuki: The Autobiography", by David Suzuki (Greystone Books, 2006)</ref>
 
* [[David Suzuki]] (1936&ndash;): Canadian university professor, science broadcaster, and environmental activist.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=132947&x=articles&s=books|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20060903143907/http://lfpress.ca/cgi-bin/publish.cgi?p=132947&x=articles&s=books| archivedate=2006-09-03| title=Review: Suzuki laments conscience role | date=2006-04-28 |publisher=The London Free Press |author=Nancy Schiefer |quote=As an atheist, Suzuki declares, he has no illusions about life and death, adding that the individual is insignificant in cosmic terms.| accessdate= 2007-10-29}} Review of book "David Suzuki: The Autobiography", by David Suzuki (Greystone Books, 2006)</ref>
  
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{{Reflist|3}}
 
{{Reflist|3}}
 
[[Category:Atheists]]
 
[[Category:Religion-related lists]]
 
[[Category:Lists of religious skeptics|Activists and educators]]
 

Revision as of 22:40, 20 September 2008

Template:Lists of atheists from Wikipedia

Atheist activists and educators

Other activists and educators

People who are/were activists or educators in other areas (social reform, feminism etc), but who were also atheists.

Notes and references

Template:Reflist


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found
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