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v · d Arguments for the existence of god
Anthropic arguments   Anthropic principle · Natural-law argument
Arguments for belief   Pascal's Wager · Argument from faith · Just hit your knees
Christological arguments   Argument from biblical miracles · Would someone die for a lie? · Liar, Lunatic or Lord
Cosmological arguments   Argument from contingency · Cosmological argument · Fine-tuning argument · Kalam · Unmoved mover · Why is there something rather than nothing?
Majority arguments   Argumentum ad populum · Argument from admired religious scientists
Moral arguments   Argument from justice · Divine command theory
Ontological argument   Argument from degree · Argument from goodness · Argument from desire
Dogmatic arguments   Argument from divine sense · Sensus divinitatis · Argument from uniqueness
Teleological arguments   Argument from design · Banana argument · 747 Junkyard argument · Laminin argument · Argument from natural disasters
Testimonial arguments   Personal revelation · Argument from observed miracles · Argument from personal experience · Consciousness argument for the existence of God · Emotional pleas
Transcendental arguments   God created numbers
Scriptural arguments   Scriptural inerrancy · Scriptural scientific foreknowledge


v · d Arguments against the existence of god
Existential arguments   Argument from nonbelief · Who created God? · Turtles all the way down · Problem of non-God objects · Argument from incompatible attributes · No-reason argument · Santa Claus argument
Arguments from the Bible   Failed Prophecy · Biblical contradictions
Reasonableness arguments   Occam's Razor · Outsider test · Argument from locality · Argument from inconsistent revelations
Moral arguments   Euthyphro dilemma · Problem of evil · Problem of evil (evidential) · Moral argument
Other arguments   Emotional pleas against the existence of God


v · d Common objections to atheism and counter-apologetics
Personal   Why are you trying to tear down other people's faith? · Why can't everyone just have their own beliefs? · What are your qualifications? · Atheists believe in nothing · You are a communist · Why do atheists inspire such hatred? · That's not my God
Religious   That's not in my Bible · They're not true Christians · You just want to sin · Atheists know there is a God · It takes more faith to disbelieve than it does to believe · God doesn't believe in atheists · Science is a faith · Atheism is a religion · Atheists worship materialism · Hypocrisy of celebrating religious holidays · Atheism is based on faith
Science and logic   You can't prove God doesn't exist · Science can't touch god · God can't be defined · So you think we came from nothing / pondsoup / monkeys? · If God didn't create everything, who did? · That might be true for you, but its not true for me · Religion is another way of knowing · God is trying to trick you with dinosaur bones · Satan is trying to trick you with dinosaur bones · Tides come in, tides go out. You can't explain that.


v · d Formal logic
Three classic laws   Law of identity · Law of noncontradiction · Law of the excluded middle
Logical constructions   Antecedent · Consequent · Premise · Conclusion · Dichotomy
Logical operators   Negation (not) · Conjunction (and) · Disjunction (or) · Material implication (if then) · Biconditional (if and only if)


v · d Logical fallacies
v · d Formal fallacies
Propositional logic   Affirming a disjunct · Affirming the consequent · Argument from fallacy · False dilemma
Quantificational logic   Existential fallacy · Illicit conversion · Proof by example · Quantifier shift
Syllogistic   Affirmative conclusion from a negative premise · Exclusive premises · Necessity · Four-term Fallacy · Illicit major · Illicit minor · Undistributed middle
v · d Faulty generalisations
General   Begging the question · Gambler's fallacy · Slippery slope · Equivocation · argumentum verbosium
Distribution fallacies   Fallacy of composition · Fallacy of division
Data mining   Cherry picking · Accident fallacy · Spotlight fallacy · Hasty generalization · Special pleading
Causation fallacies   Post hoc ergo propter hoc · Retrospective determinism · Suppressed correlative · Wrong direction
Ontological fallacies   Fallacy of reification · Pathetic fallacy · Loki's Wager
v · d False relevance
Appeals   Appeal to authority · Appeal to consequences · Appeal to emotion · Appeal to motive · Appeal to novelty · Appeal to tradition · Appeal to pity · Appeal to popularity · Appeal to poverty · Appeal to spite · Appeal to wealth · Sentimental fallacy · Argumentum ad baculum
Ad hominem   Ad hominem abusive · Reductio ad Hitlerum · Judgmental language · Straw man · Tu quoque
Genetic Fallacies   Genetic fallacy · Chronological snobbery · Association fallacy · Appeal to tradition · Texas sharpshooter fallacy


v · d Science
v · d General science
Scientific method   Scientific theory · Hypothesis · Evidence · Examining claims · Skepticism
Scientific Disciplines   Physics · Biology · Chemistry · Psychology · Medical Science · Mathematics
History of science   Library of Alexandria · Aristotle · Dark ages · Renaissance · The enlightenment · Heliocentrism · Newtonian physics · Darwinian evolution · Mendelian genetics · Relativity Theory · Quantum mechanics · Space exploration · Computer sciences · String theory
Champions of reason   Carl Sagan · Karl Kruszelnicki · Julius Sumner Miller · John Allan Paulos · James Randi
v · d Biology
Evolution   Overview of genetics · Genetic mutation · Hereditary change · Natural selection · Adaptation
Abiogenesis   Possible theories of abiogenesis · Building blocks of life · The Urey-Miller experiment
Evolutionary straw men   Life just exploded from nothing · So you think we came from monkeys · How did the first dog find a mate · Crocoducks · Banana argument · 747 Junkyard argument · Irreducible complexity · Chuck Missler's jar of peanut butter · What good is half a wing?
Notable Biologists   Charles Darwin · Alfred Russel Wallace · Thomas Huxley · Gregor Mendel · Stanley Miller · Norman Borlaug · Richard Lenski · Jerry Coyne · Richard Dawkins · PZ Myers
Notable quacks   William Dembski · Michael Behe · Geoffrey Simmons · Ken Ham · Michael Cremo
v · d Physics
Cosmology   Big bang · Relativity theory · The cosmos · Black holes
Quantum mechanics   Heisenberg Principle · Schrödinger's cat · Atomic decay
Physics straw men   Fine-tuning argument · Anthropic principle · Quantum mechanics and free will · Quantum mechanics and the after life · Quantum mechanics and Naturopathy · Something can't come from nothing
Notable Physicists   Plato · Isaac Newton · Albert Einstein · Maxwell Plank · Niels Bohr · Werner Heisenberg · Richard Feynman · Erwin Schrödinger · Freeman Dyson · Roger Penrose · Neil deGrasse Tyson · Stephen Hawking · Micho Kaku
Notable Quacks   Dinesh D'Souza · Ray Comfort
v · d Mathematics
Mathematics   Overview of mathematics · Numbers in reality · History of numbers
Statistics   Sample size · Selection bias · Data mining · Standard divination · Statistical significance · Statistical probability · Meta probability · Gambler's fallacy
Mathematics in nature   Golden ratio · Golden spiral · Fibonacci sequence
Mathematics and religion   Biblical value of pi · Noah's flood


v · d Philosophy
History of philosophy   Ancient Greek philosophy · Rationalism · Post Modernism · Utilitarianism · Existentialism · Objectivism · Metaphysics of quality · Secular humanism · Transhumanism
Existence   Reality · Mind-body dualism · Purpose of existence · Value of life · Solipsism
Morality and ethics   Ethics of Aristotle · Relative morality · Objective morality · Golden rule
Epistemology   Belief · Truth · Justification · A priori · A posteriori · Observation · Analysis · Synthesis · Absolute certainty · Information theory · Plato's Apology of Socrates


v · d Atheism
Terminology   Etymology of the word atheist · Weak atheism · Strong atheism · Agnosticism · Atheist vs. agnostic · Tenets and dogma
Contemporary literature   The End of Faith · The God Delusion · God: The Failed Hypothesis · Letter to a Christian Nation · God Is Not Great · Irreligion · 50 Reasons People Give for Believing in a God
Classic literature   Why I Am Not a Christian
Atheist and secular groups   Atheist groups · Secular charities · How American Non-Atheists view Atheists
Contemporary authors   Richard Dawkins · Daniel Dennett · A. C. Grayling · Sam Harris · Guy P. Harrison · John Allen Paulos · James Randi · Victor Stenger
Internet non-believers   Reginald Vaughn Finley · PZ Myers
Writers and philosophers   David Hume · Robert Ingersoll · Friedrich Nietzsche · Bertrand Russell · Carl Sagan


v · d Buddhism
Buddhist beliefs   Reincarnation · Buddha · Noble Eightfold Path · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Three Jewels · Four Noble Truths · Five Aggregates · Karma
Holy texts   Buddhavacana · Pali Canon · Mahāsāṃghika · Chinese Buddhist canon
Buddhist denominations   Mahāyāna · Vajrayāna · Tibetian Buddhism · Theravada · Hinayana
History of Buddhism   First Buddhist council· Second Buddhist council · Modern Buddhism
Buddhist politics   Tibet


v · d Christianity
Christian beliefs   God · Jesus Christ · Moses · Resurrection · Atonement · Creationism · Sin · Afterlife · Other beliefs
Tenets and dogma   Ten Commandments · Dogma · Rituals · Homosexuality
Holy texts   Bible · Old Testament · New Testament · Gospels · Apocrypha · Ninety-Five Theses · Modern biblical translations
Christian denominations   Catholicism · Anglicanism · Lutheranism · Baptist · Evangelical · Pentecostal · Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Other denominations
History of Christianity   Overview of early Christianity · Overview of middle Christianity · Overview of modern Christianity
Christianity and politics   Dominionism · America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Separation of church and state · Christianity invented secularism · Blue laws · Notable Christian political parties
Christianity and science   Creation science · Intelligent design · Quantum mysticism · Christianity invented science
Christianity and medicine   Christian Science · Jehovah's Witnesses · Abortion · Contraception · Notable cases of medical negligence due to Christian beliefs
Christianity and Education   Teach the controversy · Abstinence-only sex education · Prayer in school · Religious universities · Theological studies · Comparative religion studies


v · d Hinduism
Hindu beliefs   Brahman · Shiva · Reincarnation · Vishnu · Yoga · Brahma · Atman
Tenants and dogma   Japa · Puja · Bhajan · Yajna · Homa · Tapas · Dhyana · Saṃskāra
Holy texts   Vedas · Rigveda · Yajurveda · Upanishads
Hindu denominations   Vaishnavism · Shaivism · Shaktism · Smartism · Shrautism
History of Hinduism   Prevedic religions· Brahmanism · Modern Hinduism
Hindu politics   List of Hindu political parties


v · d Islam
Islamic beliefs   Allah · Muhammad · Other prophets · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   jihād · Fatwā · Martyrdom · Graven images · Infidels
Holy texts   Qur'an · Sunnah
Islamic denominations   Sunni · Shia
History of Islam   Islamic golden age · Modern Islam
Islamic politics   Islamic Theocracies · Sharia law


v · d Judaism
Jewish beliefs   Yahweh · Abraham · Moses · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Shabbat · Circumcision · Kosher food laws · Bar Mitzphah
Holy texts   Torah · Tankah · Pentateuch
Holidays   Rosh Hashanah · Sukkot · Yom Kippur · Purim · Passover · Chanukkah · Tisha B'Av · Shavu'ot
Jewish denominations   Haredi Judaism · Modern Orthodoxy · Conservative Judaism · Reform Judaism · Humanistic Judaism
History of Judaism   Israelites · Modern Judaism
Jewish politics   Sanhedrin · Mosaic Law


v · d Skepticism
Religion   Afterlife · God · Soul · Angel · Demon · Prayer · Satan · Miracle · Exorcism
Paranormal   Witchcraft · Ghost · Mythical creatures · ESP · Faith healing · Near-death experience · Magic · Spirit
Superstitions   Astrology · Divinitation · Luck · Curse · Prophecy · Palmistry · Charms · Occult · Rain dance
Pseudoscience   Alternate medicine · Reiki · Chiropractic · Homeopathy · Autism-Vaccine debate · Demonology · Angeology
Notable skeptics   Carl Sagan · James Randi · Michael Shermer · Issac Asimov · Richard Dawkins · Harriet A. Hall · Robert T. Carrol
Arguments for the supernatural   You can't prove a negative · You can't prove God doesn't exist · God can't be defined · All the world's religions can't be wrong
Arguments against the supernatural   Outsider test


v · d Secularism
Support for separation of church and state   United States Constitution · First Amendment · Free exercise clause · Religious test · Separation of church and state
Attacks against separation of church and state   Proselytizing · Theocracy · In God We Trust · Persecution · Authoritarianism · Fundamentalism · Blue laws · Dominionism · Sharia · Theodemocracy · Blasphemy Law · Blasphemous libel · List of Theocratic political parties
Arguments for theocratic government   America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Canada as a Christian nation


v · d Rationalism
Rationalist Ideas   Reason · Fundamental rights · Evidence · Freethought
History of rationalism   Pythagoras · Plato · Aristotle · Socrates · Avicenna · Maimonides · St. Thomas Aquinas · René Descartes · Baruch Spinoza · Gottfried Leibniz · Immanuel Kant · Søren Kierkegaard
Notable rationalists   Emile Zola · Bertrand Russell · George Eliot · E.M. Forster · Prabir Ghosh · Joseph Edamaruku · Narendra Dabholkar · Abraham Kovoor · Periyar E. V. Ramasamy · Ernest Sosa · Alvin Plantinga
Rationalist organizations   Rationalist Press Association · Hyderabad Rationalist Forum · Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations · Rationalist Association of India
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