Intelligent design

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'''Intelligent design''' (sometimes abbreviated as ID) is a variety of [[creationism]] that relies on the [[argument from design]].  Proponents of the Intelligent Design movement claim that, unlike creationism, they are motivated by [[science]] and not [[religion]].  This is a claim that echoes that of ID's intellectual precursor, [[scientific creationism]].  Like scientific creationism, ID's claim to be scientific is suspect, since the ID movement has produced no original research.  ID proponents tend to spend their time engaging in public relations and politics rather than doing science.
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'''Intelligent design''' (sometimes abbreviated as ID) is a variety of [[creationism]] that relies on the [[argument from design]].  Proponents of the Intelligent Design movement claim that, unlike creationism, they are motivated by [[science]] and not [[religion]].  This is a claim that echoes that of ID's intellectual precursor, [[scientific creationism]].  Like scientific creationism, ID's claim to be scientific is suspect, since the ID movement has produced no original research.  ID proponents tend to spend their time engaging in public relations and politics rather than doing science. Virtually all of them are [[Protestantism|Protestant]] [[Christianity|Christians]], usually of a [[fundamentalism|fundamentalist]] slant (officially, the [[Catholic Church]] endorses the theory of evolution). The aim of the ID movement is to conceal the religious nature of creationism in order to make the idea legally acceptable to secular public institutions.
  
==HISTORY==
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==History==
  
The Intelligent Design movement was spawned by lawyer [[Phillip Johnson]] when he wrote [[The Wedge Strategy]].
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The Intelligent Design movement was spawned by lawyer [[Phillip Johnson]] when he wrote [[The Wedge Strategy]]. It was a response to the U.S. Supreme Court case [[Edwards v. Aguillard]], which ruled that teaching creationism in public classrooms violated the [[U.S. Constitution]].  
  
 
The movement experienced a major setback with the ruling of [[Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District]] by [[Judge John E. Jones III]] on December 20, 2005.
 
The movement experienced a major setback with the ruling of [[Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District]] by [[Judge John E. Jones III]] on December 20, 2005.
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[[Flying_spaghetti_monster|Flying spaghetti monsterism]] and the belief in the [[Invisible Pink Unicorn]] were created as parody theories 'designed' as alternatives to the traditional [[Christian]] [[creationist]] theory.
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==Key figures in the ID debate==
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===Pro-ID===
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*The [[Discovery Institute]] is an ID think tank that hosts most of the people in this section as members.
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*Phillip Johnson, mentioned above, is a founding figure of the ID movement.
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*[[Michael Behe]], author of ''[[Darwin's Black Box]]'', is a biochemist who coined the term "[[irreducible complexity]]."
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*[[William Dembski]], author of ''[[The Design Hypothesis]]'', is a mathematician who coined the term "[[specified complexity]]."
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*[[Jonathan Wells]], author of ''[[Icons of Evolution]]'', is a biologist who declared that his life is devoted to "destroying Darwinism."
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===Anti-ID===
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*[[Eugenie Scott]], the head of the [[NCSE]], is a prominent opponent of ID.
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*[[Robert Pennock]], author of ''[[Tower of Babel]]'', is a professor of the [[philosophy of science]].
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*Judge Jones, mentioned above, presided over Kitzmiller v. Dover.
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*[[Barbara Forrest]] uncovered the term "[[cdesign proponentsists]]" in the book ''[[Of Pandas and People]]'' during the Kitzmiller trial.
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{{Science}}
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{{Christianity}}
  
 
[[Category: Creationism]]
 
[[Category: Creationism]]

Revision as of 09:38, 19 December 2009

Intelligent design (sometimes abbreviated as ID) is a variety of creationism that relies on the argument from design. Proponents of the Intelligent Design movement claim that, unlike creationism, they are motivated by science and not religion. This is a claim that echoes that of ID's intellectual precursor, scientific creationism. Like scientific creationism, ID's claim to be scientific is suspect, since the ID movement has produced no original research. ID proponents tend to spend their time engaging in public relations and politics rather than doing science. Virtually all of them are Protestant Christians, usually of a fundamentalist slant (officially, the Catholic Church endorses the theory of evolution). The aim of the ID movement is to conceal the religious nature of creationism in order to make the idea legally acceptable to secular public institutions.

Contents

History

The Intelligent Design movement was spawned by lawyer Phillip Johnson when he wrote The Wedge Strategy. It was a response to the U.S. Supreme Court case Edwards v. Aguillard, which ruled that teaching creationism in public classrooms violated the U.S. Constitution.

The movement experienced a major setback with the ruling of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District by Judge John E. Jones III on December 20, 2005.

Flying spaghetti monsterism and the belief in the Invisible Pink Unicorn were created as parody theories 'designed' as alternatives to the traditional Christian creationist theory.

Key figures in the ID debate

Pro-ID

Anti-ID


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