An evidentiary argument is an argument based on evidence. In apologetics and counter-apologetics the argument usually goes as follows:
- There is no evidence for the existence of God.
- We should not believe in a proposition for which there is no evidence.
- We should not believe in the existence of God.
The objections can be grouped into objections to specific premises:
We should believe in propositions without evidence
This branch of defense arguments usually concern the idea of faith and the defenses there of.
- Faith is a good within itself.
- God wants us to have faith.
- Faith is a virtue.
- We have faith in other things: wind, love, trust, quantum mechanics, Gödel's incompleteness theorem
There is evidence for the existence of God
- Arguments for the existence of God
- Complexity of biological life.
- The universe is perfect suited for humans.
- Efficacy of prayer.
- The Bible supports God.
- Personal revelations.
- Jesus fulfilled prophecy
This is, much like Pascal's Wager, is an argument for belief rather than the existence of God. The thrust of the argument is that we shouldn't believe in God, not that there are not god(s).