Adam and Eve
In the second creation story in the Bible, in Genesis 2:4-25 through Genesis 3 , God plants a garden "east of Eden", and creates the first man, Adam, there. He tells Adam that he may eat from any tree in the garden except for the tree of knowledge of good and evil, or "in the day that you eat of it you will surely die" 2:17 .
God then creates birds and animals as companions for Adam, but none is suitable. God then puts Adam to sleep, removes one of his ribs, and creates a woman, Eve, from the rib. Eve was intended to be a "helper", a "complimentary partner" or "suitable partner" for Adam, depending on the translation. Genesis 2:18
Eve eats the fruit and gives some to Adam as well. After eating, they realize that they are naked and fashion clothes for themselves from fig leaves. Their sudden shame of nudity arouses God's suspicions, and they eventually confess that they have eaten the forbidden fruit.
God curses the serpent, saying that henceforth it will crawl on the ground, and that there will be enmity between its offspring and Eve's. He curses Eve with painful childbirth, and condemns her to be ruled over by her husband. He curses Adam, saying that he will now have to work the land for food.
Finally, God realizes that Adam might also eat the fruit of the tree of life and live forever. To prevent this, he banishes the two humans from the garden and places a guard to prevent them reentering it.
Adam and Eve proceed to have children and become the ancestors of all humans.
In all likelihood, the myth created around Adam and Eve relied on earlier religious traditions of the ancient Middle East.
The Sumerian narrative of the deities Enki and Ninhursag illustrate several plot lines that resemble the account in Genesis. Their story unfolds in a sacred place called Dilmun, where disease and old age are absent. The evil god Enki disguises as a gardener and seduces the female Uttu with fruits, thereby commiting incestuous rape. 
In the following events Enki - lusting after knowledge from trees - is cursed by the goddess Ninhursag, resulting in bodily ailments. Later, Ninhursag reluctantly redeems Enki by creating eight minor deities; among others, healing comes in form of Ninti, the "Lady of the Rips".
Lilith is a mythological human or demon that features in Jewish and other legends. She is sometimes said to be the first woman and to have pre-existed Eve.
The story of Adam and Eve is the basis for the doctrines of the Fall of Man, in which humans have become separated from God and original sin in which has a wide variety of interpretations. The way these doctrines are used have little Biblical support.
Although the fruit of the tree of knowledge is often depicted as an apple, this is never specified in the text.
Based on Genesis, it is unclear if Adam and Eve are immortal before eating from the tree. Later books in the Bible imply that Adam and Eve were originally immortal Romans 5:12 , but this may be a later addition to the interpretation of the original story.
Why didn't God create Adam without need of a companion? Why did God not create Adam and Eve at the same time?
Non God objects
Why did God create Adam and Eve since God is supposedly perfect and creating any non-God object is superfluous?
Arguably, the serpent in the story never lies but God apparently does: Adam and Eve do not die on the day from eating the fruit, as God had said Genesis 2:17 : Adam is said to live 930 years (Genesis 5:5 ). And just as the serpent said, they learn what good and evil are, thus becoming a little bit more like God.
Although it is common to associate the serpent with Satan, the text says no such thing.
Adam and Eve appear to have been vegetarian .
God is very much into collective punishment. One man sins and all men, including those unborn, are punished. One woman sins, all women are punished. One serpent deceives and all snakes are punished. Collective punishment is typically considered immoral, unjust and in war, it is a war crime.
How the tree of knowledge's effects are passed on to Adam and Eve's descendants is not explained.
Fore-knowledge of God: setting humans up to to fail
It seems unjust for God to punish Adam and Eve for eating the forbidden fruit: before they learned what good and evil were, how were they to know that disobeying God was wrong?
If God is all-knowing then he knew before he even created the garden that it would fail. He commanded Adam and Even not to eat from the tree while simultaneously knowing they would eventually do so! He also knew before creating the serpent that it would cause Adam and Eve to sin, yet he created both. This combined with the previously stated fact that before eating the apple Adam and Eve had no concept of right and wrong shows that the blame lies not with them for falling for the trap, but with God for setting it. Why did God undo the harm and make Adam and Eve forget the knowledge? These and similar problems are aspects of the famous problem of evil.
Since God created everything with the full knowledge of future events, the only consistent conclusion is that God intentionally created evil, either amorally or because the existence of both good and evil is optimal.
"[While evil exists at all], it will very much puzzle you Anthropomorphites, how to account for it. You must assign a cause for it, without having recourse to the first cause [God]. But as every effect must have a cause, and that cause another, you must either carry on the progression in infinitum, or rest on that original principle, who is the ultimate cause of all things... [i.e. God]"
Believers have since been trying to absolve the moralising God of this action, which is clearly a later invention that is totally incompatible with the creation story in Genesis. Nietzsche points out that God might simply have been bored and created evil to amuse himself:
- "it was God himself who at the end of his days’ work lay down as a serpent under the tree of knowledge: thus he recuperated from being God.—He had made everything too beautiful.—The devil is merely the leisure of God on that seventh day"
- "Too much miscarried with him, this potter who had not learned thoroughly! That he took revenge on his pots and creations, however, because they turned out badly—that was a sin against GOOD TASTE."
A God that makes mistakes of this magnitude is not worthy of worship.
Banishment and life on Earth
Genesis 3:22-24 makes it clear that Adam and Eve are not banished for disobeying God, but rather because God fears that Adam might become immortal. What exactly is provided by the tree of life? Since theists generally believe that people have immortal souls, it is unclear why physical immortality is seen as problematic by God. The whole point of the Earth and banishment is unclear in the Biblical narrative.
Why did God banish Adam and Eve instead of sending them to Hell or simply un-create them? Why did God not take the children of Adam and Eve into protective custody from their unreliably and fallen parents? Why did God allow them to have children?
If God expected people to be moral from the point forward, he might be expected to provide a complete moral code at this point. He also does not explain the consequences of non-compliance with is moral code, which might be reasonable. God doesn't bother providing any stone tablets or Bible at this stage. No mention of later prophets, a chosen people, saviour or a final prophet. He doesn't given any specific instructions and just leaves Adam and Eve to their own devices, except for "go forth and multiply". In fact, God becomes a very poor communicator from this point forward. The lack of forward planning by God is also striking. This shows the Bible for what it is: a series of legends that were accumulated in an ad-hoc fashion, without a grand plan and little internal consistency.
God doesn't even command Adam and Eve or their descendent to be moral or even that murder is forbidden. However this doesn't stop God disapproving at murder after the fact Genesis 4:10 and eventually angering God into destroying most humans a great flood.
Depiction of Adam and Eve
Although Adam is said to have been created from the dust of the ground, and Eve from his rib, they are for the most part depicted with navels ("belly buttons"), which would imply that they were born with umbilical cords. There is a parallel in the way Western art depicts Jesus wrongly.