Dogma(s) are a certain religious set of beliefs, whether they are written by divine doctrine or not. In rare cases dogma may also apply to ideology or philosophy as well. The phrase dogmatic is often used to describe those who oppose rational argument, and hold a very fundamental set of beliefs based on their religion.
Central Dogma per Religion
Islam- Qu'ran Judaism- Torah Christianity- Bible Wicca- The wiccan rede and rule of three Hinduism- no central dogma Shintoism- no central dogma Pastafarism- The 8 "I'd really rather you didn'ts".