From Iron Chariots Wiki
(Redirected from Deities)
Jump to: navigation, search
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:

Generally speaking, a god (or "deity") is a being with supernatural powers who receives worship.

The Christian God, as depicted by Michelangelo.

Gods vary in the scope of their powers. Christian theology has traditionally defined God (Yahweh) to be the omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent lone creator of the entire universe. On the other hand, Greek gods such as Hermes and Dionysus are considerably less powerful, occupying a hierarchical pantheon, squabbling with fellow gods, and exhibiting human traits such as anger and jealousy. However, some early books of the Bible seem to imply a finite god: In Genesis 18:20-21 Bible-icon.png, God must personally visit Sodom and Gomorrah to see if they are as wicked as he has been told. In Judges 1:19 Bible-icon.png, the men of Judah are unable to defeat the people of the plains, in spite of the fact that God was on their side. God's failure in this passage is attributed to the iron chariots of the enemy; this is the basis for the name of IronChariots.org.



By far the most straightforward argument against the existence of a god is that there is no evidence for it. An important principle of science is that extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.

In the case of the Christian god, we are asked to explain the existence of a vast, complex, incomprehensible universe by inventing an even more vast, complex, incomprehensible being, which also happens to be intelligent enough to "plan" the entire history of the universe and still micromanage the details enough to answer prayers, account for who will go to heaven and hell, and deal with minutiae like how people deal with seemingly arbitrary rules about sex.

Treated purely as an explanatory device, introducing a god into the universe raises far more questions than it answers. It brings up the obvious question of who created God. Science tends to reason from the complex to the simple, finding explanations of natural phenomena by breaking them down into basic rules. Of all the things we know of in the universe, intelligence in particular is one of the most complex and mysterious phenomena observed. To suppose that we could "explain" the universe by introducing a universe-spanning intelligence is completely backwards from the way science normally operates.

All this would be strictly academic nitpicking if there were any positive evidence for the existence of a god. Yet when pressed for evidence, apologists are notoriously vague. Rather than pointing to specific reasons why anyone should believe in such an improbable being, they point to the Bible as a historically accurate text; they bring up philosophical vagaries such as the first cause argument and the argument from design, and they threaten hell by means of Pascal's wager. No test is ever proposed to demonstrate or falsify the existence of God; God's existence is merely assumed to be a default position (which also invokes argumentum ad populum).

Capitalization of "God"

As a point of grammar, the word "God" is usually capitalized when it refers to a particular god as a proper name; whereas "god" is in lowercase when it refers to one or more of a set of objects. For example: "I do not believe in your god."

Reverential religious texts often take the capitalization a step further when they are talking about their own gods, going so far as to capitalize pronouns that refer to the god. For example: "I love Him"; "We are saved by His grace".

See also

External Links

v · d Religion
v · d Buddhism
Buddhist beliefs   Reincarnation · Buddha · Noble Eightfold Path · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Three Jewels · Four Noble Truths · Five Aggregates · Karma
Holy texts   Buddhavacana · Pali Canon · Mahāsāṃghika · Chinese Buddhist canon
Buddhist denominations   Mahāyāna · Vajrayāna · Tibetian Buddhism · Theravada · Hinayana · Other denominations
History of Buddhism   First Buddhist council· Second Buddhist council · Modern Buddhism
Buddhist politics   Tibet
v · d Christianity
Christian beliefs   God · Jesus Christ · Moses · Resurrection · Atonement · Creationism · Sin · Afterlife · Eschatology · Other beliefs
Tenets and dogma   Ten Commandments · Dogma · Rituals · Homosexuality
Holy texts   Bible · Old Testament · New Testament · Gospels · Apocrypha · Ninety-Five Theses · Modern biblical translations
Christian denominations   Catholicism · Anglicanism · Lutheranism · Baptist · Evangelism · Pentecostal · Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Other denominations
History of Christianity   Overview of early Christianity · Overview of middle Christianity · Overview of modern Christianity
Christianity and politics   Dominionism · America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Separation of church and state · Christianity invented secularism · Blue laws · Notable Christian political parties
Christianity and science   Creation science · Intelligent design · Quantum mysticism · Christianity invented science
Christianity and medicine   Christian Science · Jehovah's Witnesses · Abortion · Contraception · Notable cases of medical negligence due to Christian beliefs
Christianity and Education   Teach the controversy · Abstinence-only sex education · Prayer in school · Religious universities · Theological studies · Comparative religion studies
v · d Folk religions
African folk religions   Candomblé · African traditional religion · Santeria · Egyptian mythology
Asian folk religions   Arabian mythology · Armenian mythology · Chinese mythology · Japanese mythology · Korean mythology · Persian mythology
Polynesian folk religions   Hawaiian mythology · Australian Aboriginal mythology · Māori mythology · Rapa Nui mythology
South American folk religions   Inca mythology · Guarani mythology · Mapuche religion · Chilota mythology
North American folk religions   Aztec mythology · Inuit mythology · Maya mythology
European folk religions   Slavic mythology · Folklore of Romania · Greek mythology · Norse mythology · Roman mythology · Celtic mythology
v · d Hinduism
Hindu beliefs   Brahman · Shiva · Reincarnation · Vishnu · Yoga · Brahma · Atman
Tenants and dogma   Japa · Puja · Bhajan · Yajna · Homa · Tapas · Dhyana · Saṃskāra
Holy texts   Vedas · Rigveda · Yajurveda · Upanishads
Hindu denominations   Vaishnavism · Shaivism · Shaktism · Smartism · Shrautism
History of Hinduism   Prevedic religions· Brahmanism · Modern Hinduism
Hindu politics   List of Hindu political parties
v · d Islam
Islamic beliefs   Allah · Muhammad · Other prophets · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   jihād · Fatwā · Martyrdom · Graven images · Infidels
Holy texts   Qur'an · Sunnah
Islamic denominations   Sunni · Shia
History of Islam   Islamic golden age · Modern Islam
Islamic politics   Islamic Theocracies · Sharia law
v · d Judaism
Jewish beliefs   Yahweh · Abraham · Moses · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Shabbat · Circumcision · Kosher food laws · Bar Mitzphah
Holy texts   Torah · Tankah · Pentateuch
Holidays   Rosh Hashanah · Sukkot · Yom Kippur · Purim · Passover · Chanukkah · Tisha B'Av · Shavu'ot
Jewish denominations   Haredi Judaism · Modern Orthodoxy · Conservative Judaism · Reform Judaism · Humanistic Judaism
History of Judaism   Israelites · Modern Judaism
Jewish politics   Sanhedrin · Mosaic Law
v · d New Religious Movements
Christian NRMs   Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Christian Science · Pentacostalism
Eastern NRMs   Caodaism · Chondogyo · Chen Tao · Jeung San Do
Modern NRMs   Scientology · Heaven's Gate · Raëlism
Islamic NRMs   Ansaaru Allah Community · Ahmadiyya · Babism · Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship
African NRMs   Rastafarianism · Hoodoo · Vodun · Candomblé · Santeria
Pagan NRMs   Ásatrú · Wicca
Esostoric NRMs   Theosophy · New Age

v · d Skepticism
Religion   Afterlife · God · Soul · Angel · Demon · Prayer · Satan · Miracle · Exorcism
Paranormal   Witchcraft · Ghost · Mythical creatures · ESP · Faith healing · Near-death experience · Magic · Spirit
Superstitions   Astrology · Divinitation · Luck · Curse · Prophecy · Palmistry · Charms · Occult · Rain dance · Immanent end of the world
Pseudoscience   Alternate medicine · Reiki · Chiropractic · Homeopathy · Autism-Vaccine debate · Demonology · Angeology
Notable skeptics   Carl Sagan · James Randi · Michael Shermer · Issac Asimov · Richard Dawkins · Harriet A. Hall · Robert T. Carrol · Benjamin Radford
Arguments for the supernatural   You can't prove a negative · You can't prove God doesn't exist · God can't be defined · All the world's religions can't be wrong
Arguments against the supernatural   Outsider test
Personal tools
wiki navigation