Compartmentalization

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=Compartmentalization=
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'''Compartmentalization''' refers to the practice of acting or thinking one way under one set of circumstances and the exact opposite way at all other times. An example would be a geologist who studies the [[age of the Earth]]. At work the geologist must believe that the earth is about 4.55 billion years old in order for the observed evidence to make sense. However, at [[church]] the geologist might temporarily shed that belief and accept that the Earth is about 6,000 years old to fit in with his or her fellow worshippers. Obviously one cannot believe in both an old and a [[young Earth]] simultaneously, but the geologist does so because the two aspects of his life require the difference in beliefs. Such an inconsistency may be intentional or unconscious.
  
Compartmentalization, or "doublethink", is the practice of believing one thing in certain situations and believing the exact opposite at all other times.  The person essentually holds to contradictary beliefs at the same time without recognizing the contradtion.  The term originates from George Orwell's novel ''1984'' in which he defined it as "...the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them."
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A related concept is "'''doublethink'''", which comes from [[Wikipedia:George Orwell|George Orwell's]] novel ''[[Wikipedia:Nineteen Eighty-Four|Nineteen Eighty-Four]]'', where it is defined as:
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{{Quote|...the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.}}
  
For example, the Creationist speaker [[Kent Hovind]] often states that the geological column is simply the result of the Noachian Flood yet he is also known for his belief that the geological column is fiction created by scientists which doesn't really exist in real life. One can easily see the contradiction; either the geological column exists or it doesn't. A clearer example is his common statement that no scientist dares to speak out against evolutionary "dogma" yet he also provides quotes of scientists admitting that evolution is wrong.
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For example, the [[creationist]] speaker [[Kent Hovind]] often states that the [[geological column]] is simply the result of the [[Noachian Flood]]. Yet he also claims that the geological column is a fiction created by [[scientist]]s, one which doesn't really exist. The contradiction is obvious: either the geological column exists or it doesn't. Another example is his common statement that no scientist dares to speak out against [[evolution]]ary "[[dogma]]"; yet he also provides quotes of scientists "admitting" that evolution is wrong.
  
The term "compartmentalization" refers to the practice of behaving a certain way under certain circumstances and behaving the exact opposite at all other times.  An example would be a geologist who studies the age of the earth.  When he's at his job he believes that the earth is 4.55 billion years old in order for the evidence he finds to make sense.  However, when he goes to church he might temporarily reject his beliefs and believe that the earth is 6,000 years old instead while he's at worship.  After church is over, though, he returns to his job and his belief a 4.55 billion year old earth returns as well.  Obviously one can't believe in both an old and a young earth simultaneously, but the geologist does because the two aspects of his life require the difference in beliefs.
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[[Category:Philosophy]]
 
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[[Category:Psychology]]
==References==
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*[http://www.kent-hovind.com/doublethink.htm]
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Revision as of 12:58, 9 March 2012

Compartmentalization refers to the practice of acting or thinking one way under one set of circumstances and the exact opposite way at all other times. An example would be a geologist who studies the age of the Earth. At work the geologist must believe that the earth is about 4.55 billion years old in order for the observed evidence to make sense. However, at church the geologist might temporarily shed that belief and accept that the Earth is about 6,000 years old to fit in with his or her fellow worshippers. Obviously one cannot believe in both an old and a young Earth simultaneously, but the geologist does so because the two aspects of his life require the difference in beliefs. Such an inconsistency may be intentional or unconscious.

A related concept is "doublethink", which comes from George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, where it is defined as:

"...the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them."

For example, the creationist speaker Kent Hovind often states that the geological column is simply the result of the Noachian Flood. Yet he also claims that the geological column is a fiction created by scientists, one which doesn't really exist. The contradiction is obvious: either the geological column exists or it doesn't. Another example is his common statement that no scientist dares to speak out against evolutionary "dogma"; yet he also provides quotes of scientists "admitting" that evolution is wrong.

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