Circular reasoning

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A type of logical fallacy in which the proof of a statement is based on the statement itself. For example:
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'''Circular reasoning''' is a type of [[logical fallacy]] in which the "proof" of a statement ultimately depends on assuming the truth of the statement itself.
  
"We know that [[God]] exists because the [[Bible]] says so. And we know that Bible must be right because it is the inspired word of God."
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A very common example in the area of [[religion]] is the following argument:
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# We know that [[God]] exists because the [[Bible]] says so.
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# We know that Bible is correct because it is the inspired word of God.
  
This argument basically boils down to "God, therefore the Bible, therefore God."  Neither "God exists" nor "the Bible must be right" have been independently proved without relying on the assumption of the other.
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In other words:
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: Bible [[implies]] God implies Bible
  
[[Category: Logical fallacies]]
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Neither the assertion that "God exists" nor that "the Bible is correct" have been independently proved without relying on the assumption of the other.
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[[Category:Logical fallacies]]

Revision as of 11:49, 5 April 2007

Circular reasoning is a type of logical fallacy in which the "proof" of a statement ultimately depends on assuming the truth of the statement itself.

A very common example in the area of religion is the following argument:

  1. We know that God exists because the Bible says so.
  2. We know that Bible is correct because it is the inspired word of God.

In other words:

Bible implies God implies Bible

Neither the assertion that "God exists" nor that "the Bible is correct" have been independently proved without relying on the assumption of the other.

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