Book of Micah
The authorship of Micah is a subject of debate - most scholars and critics agree that the chapters 1 through 3 are written by a different author than chapters 4 through 7, and some argue that chapters 6 and 7 are written by yet another author.
Micah 4:1-7 borrow themes from the book of Isaiah of a post-apocalyptic time where the kingdom of God has been established and humanity enjoys universal justice, peace, and security. Yet verse 5 states that, though Micah and his people will worship Yahweh at this time, other people will continue to worship their own gods:
- For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.
Throughout the book in general, Micah is writing against dishonest trade practices and the illegal acquisition of land by wealthy landowners, who forced eviction of local farmers, and the corruption of judges and priests who allow it.
Though Micah foretells the punishment of Samaria and the destruction of their religious icons, in context, Micah is speaking out against the injustice resulting from the dilution of their law and culture. He blames the influence of Samaria for the greed and corruption of the political and legal system. This verse exposes the fact that Micah's call for restoration is not concerned with the dilution of his people's worship itself, but only on its influence on justice and trade. His vision of the future of peace and justice involves other people being free to practice their own religions.