Blasphemy laws by country
Blasphemy laws limit freedom of speech regarding religious subjects, or apathy toward religious people, customs, and beliefs. Some religious consider some opinions to be blasphemy and therefore should never be expressed.
Similar laws can also forbid "religious defamation", hate speech, the vilification of religion, or "religious insult".
In most countries, blasphemy is not a crime. Criminalising blasphemy is a violation of the separation of church and state.
An Islamic state, Afghanistan prohibits blasphemy as an offense under Sharia.
Algeria uses retaliatory legislation rather than Sharia to combat blasphemy against Islam. The penalty for blasphemy can be up to 10 years of imprisonment and a fine.
The states, the territories, and the Commonwealth of Australia are not uniform in their treatment of blasphemy. Blasphemy is an offense in some jurisdictions but is not in others.
In Austria, a section of the penal code relates to blasphemy.
Bangladesh forbids blasphemy by a provision in its penal code that prohibits "hurting religious sentiments."
- Petition calls for Bangladeshi police chief to resign after he warned secularists not to insult religion
Article 208 of the penal code states that "publicly vilifying an act or object of religious worship" is a crime.
- "publishing or uttering [of] matter that is grossly abusive or insulting in relation to matters sacred by any religion, thereby intentionally causing outrage among a substantial number of adherents of that religion"
Mohammad Asghar claimed to be the prophet Muhammad, which is considered blasphemous. The fact that he had been previously diagnosed with severe paranoid schizophrenia was not considered in his trial. He was sentenced to death in January 2014. 
Raif Badawi, resident of Saudi Arabia, was sentenced to 5 years in prison, a large fine and 1000 lashes. His "crime" was to admit his atheism on facebook, support women's rights and creating a website called Saudi Liberal Network. He was accused of "encouraged sinfulness and ridiculing Islamic sanctities and spreading sedition and corrupting faith" 
United Arab Emirates
In England and Wales, blasphemy as an offence was abolished in 2008. Scotland still has blasphemy laws but since the last successful prosecution was in 1843, it is considered by some to be no longer a crime. Northern Ireland still retrains its blasphemy laws although its use is extremely rare. Critics of religion are sometimes prosecuted under the Communications Act 2003 because their message is allegedly "grossly offensive".