Biblical order of creation

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In the book of Genesis, God creates the universe. Many creationists who take Genesis literally use a peculiar argument in which they claim that the order of creation in Genesis exactly matches what scientists know today.


  • Day one: God creates heaven and earth, and light and dark.
  • Day two: God creates the firmament.
  • Day three: God creates land in the water, then plants.
  • Day four: God creates the sun and moon; then, as an afterthought, he creates the other stars.
  • Day five: God creates water animals, then birds.
  • Day six: God creates land animals, then Adam.
  • Da seven: God rests.

At this point, theists go into a convoluted attempt to shoehorn this with modern science, claiming that this is exactly the order in which all our modern science tells us things came into existence. Since it is highly improbable that Moses, writing the old testament, would happen to get all the particulars so right, he must have been inspired by God.


Actually there are several things in the ordering that don't make sense.

  1. If the sun, moon and stars were created on the fourth day, where was the light coming from on day 1? Was the universe filled with ambient light?
  2. What firmament? Apologists invented this as a way of explaining the great flood, but it is not a scientific concept.
  3. If God created plants on day three before the sun, how did they get food?
  4. Although research does indicate that water life evolved before land animals, birds evolved after land animals.

Those issues aside, getting some things in the correct order is hardly miraculous. It is true that there are many possible permutations of the order of creation as presented, but only a small subset of those permutations make any sense. For instance, does anyone seriously believe that the Bible authors might have written that "First God created people, then he created light and dark, then he made the sun, then animals, and then the earth, and then the universe which contains it last of all"?

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