Baraminology

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Baraminology is the study of taxonomy based on both the Biblical creationism and scientific evidence. The field accepts speciation (the formation of new species) but rejects the concept of a common ancestor. It claims all life is descended from a set of common ancestors that were created directly by God as described in Genesis. [1] Baraminology originated from a literal interpretation of "kinds" as described in the Bible.

It is an alternative hypothesis to mainstream biological classification which considers all life descended from a common ancestor. The discipline is criticised for relying more on mythology than evidence. It also uses vague terminology and criteria to establish what constitutes a grouping. Baraminology is not accepted by the vast majority of scientists and is generally considered a pseudo-science.

Contents

Noah's Ark

Main Article: Noah's ark

Genesis describes Noah being instructed by God to build an ark to save specimens of land species from a massive flood. There are thought to be several million species currently alive on Earth with the majority occurring on land. [2] It would be impractical to collect and store this many living specimens on an ark. Baraminology speculates that a few of each kind were saved on the ark and the present diversity resulted in very recent increase in species diversity. [3]

Criticism

Common descent

Main Article: Common descent

There is extensive evidence for common descent of all life on Earth from a ancestor. [4]

Not enough time for diversity to emerge

According to the chronology of the Bible, the great flood occurred 2000-3000 BC. [5] Given the current understanding of the rate of evolution and the practical capacity of an ark, this would not be enough time to reach the species diversification of the present day. Evolution rates are limited because most mutations are neutral or detrimental and natural selection requires may generations for a beneficial mutation to be selected and spread to an entire population. A large increase in mutation rates would result in a high level of mortality.

Subjective classification

The criteria used to determine the original group for a kind is subjective and poorly defined.

Unreliable evidence

Despite creationists claiming that the Bible contains scientific insights, it is not a reliable source of evidence. Baraminologists considers the Bible to be the most significant piece of evidence in their field of study. [1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wayne Frair, Baraminology—Classification of Created Organisms, CRSQ Vol 37 No 2 pp82-91 September 2000 [1]
  2. UNEP, "UNEP-WCMC Researcher in Pioneering Census of Life on Earth", 23 August 2011 [2]
  3. Jean K. Lightner el al., "Determining the Ark Kinds", Answers Research Journal 4 (2011): 195-201. [3]
  4. Common descent on Wikipedia [4]
  5. John Osgood, "The Date of Noah’s Flood", Creation 4(1):10–13 March 1981 [5]

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