Atheists believe that everything is an accident
Religious people like to say that atheists believe everything is an "accident". Typically, when the topics of abiogenesis or the Big Bang arise, the theist offers a false dichotomy between "purposeful design" and "purposeless accident".
Understanding the Use of "Accident"
Two different lines of definition exist for the word "accident", and the theist might be making either claim.
- They may mean "accident" as an event that was not intended. For example, someone driving a car does not intend to collide into another car. So when it does, it's labelled an "accident".
- They may be addressing the issue of improbable events. For example, it's incredibly unlikely that a tornado would randomly blow through a junkyard, and the parts happen to fall together and assemble into a 747.
Accident as Unintended Events
An accident would require a mind in the first place, which had intent. So by saying that atheists believe everything is an accident is implying that atheists believe in a designer, who strayed from it's intent, which is clearly not the position of an atheist, by definition, who does not believe in the existence of any deities that had intent or made an accident.
If there are no gods, then our existence is neither accidental or intentional. It just is. We are the ones who are speculating on whether it's an acccident or intentional, which is irrelevant because from what we can tell, our existence is not the result of a sentient mind.
Accident as Improbable Events
Using the word "accident" implies that the phenomenon in question otherwise shouldn't happen. Thus, if the atheist believes it was an accident, then the atheist is foolishly believing that an event that shouldn't have happened, in fact did. If that's the case, the atheist could be accused of having faith, and thus, is a hypocrite.
The Third Option
Those who bring up this dichotomy are omitting a third option - "expected outcome". While an "accident" would be by definition an incredibly improbable event, an "expected outcome" would be by definition a highly probably event. That is, given a set of initial conditions, a particular outcome is to be reasonably and logically expected. Some examples would be:
- If there's a lot of moisture in the air, and it's below freezing, it's to be expected that it would snow, and it's not an accident.
- If there's open soil in an otherwise grassy field during the summer, it's to be expected that grass will start to grow in it, and it's not an accident.
After the Big Bang, a series of stages of the development of the universe lead until the present day. None of these stages are "accidents", but are all "expected outcomes":
- Right after the Big Bang, we had a lot of elementary particles, such as quarks, floating around, and it's to be expected that they'd cool until they form sub-atomic particles, such as protons, electrons and neutrons.
- After the hot protons, electrons and neutrons continue to cool, it is to be expected that they'd combine into hydrogen.
- After some time of hydrogen and helium floating around the universe, it is to be expected that they'd fall into gravity wells, compress and ignite into stars.
- As the nuclear fusion of the stars continues, it is to be expected that the process would build heavier atoms, such as nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, which alongside hydrogen, form the set of organic elements that are the building blocks to organic compounds.
- As the star uses up its nuclear fuel, it is to be expected that the star will either nova or supernova, spreading the heavier elements around as stellar dust.
- After some time of dust floating around, it is to be expected that it would fall into gravity wells, compress, and form planets and planetoids.
Each step is logical and entirely reasonable to accept as true, especially if the claim is supported by evidence.