Apologetics

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[[Apologetics]] is the systematic defense of a position. The term comes from the Greek word ''apologia'' (ἀπολογία) which means "the defense of a position against an attack". It should not be confused with the modern word "apology" which, though it derives from the same source, has a different definition. Those who engage in this practice are known as apologists or apologetes.
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'''Apologetics''' is the systematic defense of a position. The term comes from the Greek word ''apologia'' (ἀπολογία) which means "the defense of a position against an attack". It should not be confused with the modern word "apology" which, though it derives from the same source, has a different definition. Those who engage in this practice are known as '''apologists''' or '''apologetes'''.
  
This wiki focuses, primarily, on [[Christian]] apologetics and apologists.
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This wiki focuses primarily on [[Christian]] apologetics, apologists and [[arguments for the existence of god]].
  
==Christian Apologetics==
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==Christian apologetics==
  
Christian apologetics can be divided into three categories:
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Christian apologetics can be divided into four categories:
  
===Thomistic/Classical===
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; Thomistic/classical
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: This method of apologetics relies on philosophical arguments to support the existence of a [[god]] and builds upon those foundational arguments with additional arguments designed to support specific [[Christian]] claims.  An example of Thomistic apologetics is the [[natural-law argument]].
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; Evidentialist
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: This method relies on empirical [[evidence]] (historical evidence as well as archeology, [[cosmology]], biology and other [[science]]s) to build arguments which attempt to justify belief in God, [[miracle]]s and other [[supernatural]] claims of Christian theology.  A good example of evidentalist apologetics is the myriad arguments for a [[Young-Earth creationism|young earth or universe]].
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; [[Presuppositional apologetics|Presuppositional]]
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: This method asserts that belief in god and the truth of revealed [[scripture]] ([[The Bible]]) are foundational assumptions. Beginning with those assumptions, the presuppositionalist attempts to rationally justify Christianity, defend Christianity from attack, and attack perceived flaws in other worldviews.  An example of presuppositional apologetics is the [[Avoidance of hell|avoidance of hell]] argument.
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;Natural Revelationists
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:This method relies on natural evidence in science to prove ideas about God found in Scripture. It is the most engaging of culture as far as modern Christian apologetics are concerned and tries to take fundamental assumptions of Scripture and conform it to what we know about universe mechanics through science, while holding fast to biblical thematic 'truths' in the text.
  
This method of apologetics relies on philosophical arguments to support the existence of a god and builds upon those foundational arguments with additional arguments designed to support specific Christian claims.  An example of Thomistic apologetics is the [[natural-law argument]].
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==Counter-apologetics==
 
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:''See also: '''[[Counter-apologetics]]'''''
===Evidentialist===
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This method relies on empirical evidence (historical evidence as well as archeology, cosmology, biology and other sciences) to build arguments which attempt to justify belief in God, miracles and other supernatural claims of Christian theology.  A good example of evidentalist apologetics is the myriad of arguments for a young earth or universe.
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===Presuppositional===
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This method asserts that belief in god and the truth of revealed scripture ([[The Bible]]) are foundational assumptions. Beginning with those assumptions, the presupposionalist attempts to rationally justify Christianity, defend Christianity from attack, and attack perceived flaws in other worldviews.  An example of presuppositional apologetics is the [[Avoidance of hell|avoidance of hell]] argument.
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===Circumstantial===
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This method offers that belief in god, and various other religious beliefs, are instilled so deeply in the subconscious that no argument based on reason, or even emotion, can in any way be persuasive.  See [[Authoritarian Indoctrination]].
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==Counter Apologetics==
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:''See also: [[Counter-apologetics]]''
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Each type of apologetics has a distinct method of being defeated.
 
Each type of apologetics has a distinct method of being defeated.
  
===Thomistic/Classical===
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; Thomistic/classical
 
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: Since Thomistic/Classical apologetics are based on a philosophical base a strong knowledge of the philosophical thinking related to the different arguments in this category is needed.
Since Thomistic/Classical apologetics are based on a philosophical base a strong knowledge of the philosophical thinking related to the different arguments in this category is needed.
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; Evidentialist
 
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: This method requires a knowledge of the science, history, and evidence behind the premises of the argument being used.  See [[Atheist Universe]].
===Evidentalist===
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; Presuppositional
 
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: Presuppositional apologetics are the easiest to defeat.  All are based on one or several unproven assumptions and until these assumptions are proven the skeptic is allowed to ignore the rest of the argument.
This method requires a knowledge of the science, history, and evidence behind the premises of the argument being used.
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===Presuppositional===
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Presuppositional apologetics are the easiest to defeat.  All are based on one or several unproven assumptions and until these assumptions are proven the skeptic is allowed to ignore the rest of the argument.
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[[Category: Philosophical issues]]
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[[Category:Philosophy]]
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[[Category:Apologetics]]

Revision as of 12:40, 24 November 2011

Apologetics is the systematic defense of a position. The term comes from the Greek word apologia (ἀπολογία) which means "the defense of a position against an attack". It should not be confused with the modern word "apology" which, though it derives from the same source, has a different definition. Those who engage in this practice are known as apologists or apologetes.

This wiki focuses primarily on Christian apologetics, apologists and arguments for the existence of god.

Christian apologetics

Christian apologetics can be divided into four categories:

Thomistic/classical
This method of apologetics relies on philosophical arguments to support the existence of a god and builds upon those foundational arguments with additional arguments designed to support specific Christian claims. An example of Thomistic apologetics is the natural-law argument.
Evidentialist
This method relies on empirical evidence (historical evidence as well as archeology, cosmology, biology and other sciences) to build arguments which attempt to justify belief in God, miracles and other supernatural claims of Christian theology. A good example of evidentalist apologetics is the myriad arguments for a young earth or universe.
Presuppositional
This method asserts that belief in god and the truth of revealed scripture (The Bible) are foundational assumptions. Beginning with those assumptions, the presuppositionalist attempts to rationally justify Christianity, defend Christianity from attack, and attack perceived flaws in other worldviews. An example of presuppositional apologetics is the avoidance of hell argument.
Natural Revelationists
This method relies on natural evidence in science to prove ideas about God found in Scripture. It is the most engaging of culture as far as modern Christian apologetics are concerned and tries to take fundamental assumptions of Scripture and conform it to what we know about universe mechanics through science, while holding fast to biblical thematic 'truths' in the text.

Counter-apologetics

See also: Counter-apologetics

Each type of apologetics has a distinct method of being defeated.

Thomistic/classical
Since Thomistic/Classical apologetics are based on a philosophical base a strong knowledge of the philosophical thinking related to the different arguments in this category is needed.
Evidentialist
This method requires a knowledge of the science, history, and evidence behind the premises of the argument being used. See Atheist Universe.
Presuppositional
Presuppositional apologetics are the easiest to defeat. All are based on one or several unproven assumptions and until these assumptions are proven the skeptic is allowed to ignore the rest of the argument.
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