Allah

From Iron Chariots Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Wikipedia-logo-en.png
For more information, see the Wikipedia article:

Allah is the proper name of the supreme (and only) god of Islam. It is also the Arabic word for "god" used by Arabic-speaking followers of many religions, including Arab Jews and Christians and, historically, polytheistic Meccans, who used it to refer to their creator god.

Allah in Islam is the same god as that of all Abrahamic religions, including Christianity, modern Judaism, and the Bahá'í Faith, though the philosophy about and characteristics attributed to god in each have diverged from that of Judaism.

Etymology

The term Allah is derived from a contraction of the Arabic words Al- ("the") and ʾilāh (the masculine form of "god" or "deity").

There is some debate over this etymology, mostly from believing Muslims, but no evidence of a contrary etymology has been presented to support its rejection.

The debate centers around Muslims attempting to reconcile their philosophy with the evidence. To maintain the position that their god was the original creator of all things, they must deny the evidence that polytheism existed before monotheism, and by extension that monotheistic philosophy and terminology is rooted in polytheistic philosophy and terminology.

Characteristics

Allah is described in the Qur'an as being omnipotent [46:33], omniscient [42:11], and omnibenevolent, which raises the question posed by the problem of evil.

One of the fundamental characteristics of Allah in Islam is that "there is nothing like him" [42:11]. This is said to mean he has no resemblance to anything in the natural world - he transcends description, and cannot be compared to natural things.

In practice, this verse is not applied equally to all characteristics. For some, it is used to argue that Allah has a greater degree of it (people can be just; but Allah is more just), while with others it is used to argue that he does not possess it at all (people can be male and female; so Allah must be genderless). This dual approach in the application of the verse can be used to justify inconsistencies between the text of the Qur'an and the beliefs themselves.


v · d Religion
v · d Buddhism
Buddhist beliefs   Reincarnation · Buddha · Noble Eightfold Path · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Three Jewels · Four Noble Truths · Five Aggregates · Karma
Holy texts   Buddhavacana · Pali Canon · Mahāsāṃghika · Chinese Buddhist canon
Buddhist denominations   Mahāyāna · Vajrayāna · Tibetian Buddhism · Theravada · Other denominations
History of Buddhism   First Buddhist council· Second Buddhist council · Modern Buddhism
Buddhist politics   Tibet
v · d Christianity
Christian beliefs   God · Jesus Christ · Moses · Resurrection · Atonement · Creationism · Sin · Afterlife · Eschatology · Other beliefs
Tenets and dogma   Ten Commandments · Dogma · Rituals · Homosexuality
Holy texts   Bible · Old Testament · New Testament · Gospels · Apocrypha · Ninety-Five Theses · Modern biblical translations
Christian denominations   Catholicism · Anglicanism · Lutheranism · Baptist · Evangelism · Pentecostal · Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Other denominations
History of Christianity   Overview of early Christianity · Overview of middle Christianity · Overview of modern Christianity
Christianity and politics   Dominionism · America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Separation of church and state · Christianity invented secularism · Blue laws · Notable Christian political parties
Christianity and science   Creation science · Intelligent design · Quantum mysticism · Christianity invented science
Christianity and medicine   Christian Science · Jehovah's Witnesses · Abortion · Contraception · Notable cases of medical negligence due to Christian beliefs
Christianity and Education   Teach the controversy · Abstinence-only sex education · Prayer in school · Religious universities · Theological studies · Comparative religion studies
v · d Folk religions
African folk religions   Candomblé · African traditional religion · Santeria · Egyptian mythology
Asian folk religions   Arabian mythology · Armenian mythology · Chinese mythology · Japanese mythology · Korean mythology · Persian mythology
Polynesian folk religions   Hawaiian mythology · Australian Aboriginal mythology · Māori mythology · Rapa Nui mythology
South American folk religions   Inca mythology · Guarani mythology · Mapuche religion · Chilota mythology
North American folk religions   Aztec mythology · Inuit mythology · Maya mythology
European folk religions   Slavic mythology · Folklore of Romania · Greek mythology · Norse mythology · Roman mythology · Celtic mythology
v · d Hinduism
Hindu beliefs   Brahman · Shiva · Reincarnation · Vishnu · Brahma
Tenants and dogma   Japa · Puja · Bhajan · Yajna · Homa
Holy texts   Vedas · Rigveda · Yajurveda · Upanishads
Hindu denominations   Vaishnavism · Shaivism · Shaktism · Smartism · Shrautism
History of Hinduism   Brahmanism · Modern Hinduism
Hindu politics   List of Hindu political parties
v · d Islam
Islamic beliefs   Allah · Muhammad · Other prophets · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   jihād · Fatwā · Martyrdom
Holy texts   Qur'an · Sunnah
Islamic denominations   Sunni · Shia
History of Islam   Islamic golden age · Modern Islam
Islamic politics   Islamic Theocracies · Sharia law
v · d Judaism
Jewish beliefs   Yahweh · Abraham · Moses · Afterlife
Tenants and dogma   Shabbat · Circumcision · Kosher food laws · Bar Mitzphah
Holy texts   Torah · Tankah · Pentateuch
Holidays   Rosh Hashanah · Sukkot · Yom Kippur · Purim · Passover
Jewish denominations   Haredi Judaism · Modern Orthodoxy · Conservative Judaism · Reform Judaism · Humanistic Judaism
History of Judaism   Israelites · Modern Judaism
Jewish politics   Sanhedrin · Mosaic Law
v · d New religious movements
Christian NRMs   Mormonism · Jehovah's Witnesses · Christian Science · Pentecostalism
Eastern NRMs   Caodaism · Chondogyo · Chen Tao · Jeung San Do
Modern NRMs   Scientology · Heaven's Gate · Raëlism
Islamic NRMs   Ahmadiyya · Babism
African NRMs   Rastafarianism · Hoodoo · Vodun · Candomblé · Santeria
Pagan NRMs   Ásatrú · Wicca
Esostoric NRMs   Theosophy · New Age
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
wiki navigation
IronChariots.Org
Toolbox